Current Valid Name:
Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)
Extant: 1 valid tribe, 3 valid genera, 235 valid species
Fossil: 20 valid species
Distribution: Geographic regions
(According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists): Africa: Algeria
, Central African Republic
, Democratic Republic of Congo
, Equatorial Guinea
, Ivory Coast
, Sierra Leone
, South Africa
, Zimbabwe Americas: Argentina
, Costa Rica
, Dominican Republic
, El Salvador
, French Guiana
, Trinidad and Tobago
, United States
, Venezuela Asia: Borneo
, Krakatau Islands
, Nicobar Island
, North Korea
, Saudi Arabia
, Sri Lanka
, United Arab Emirates
, Yemen Europe: Russia Oceania: Australia
, Papua New Guinea Biogeographic regions
(According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists): Afrotropical
Workers of this subfamily can be recognized by the combination of large eyes (EL/HL usually > 0.25), short mandibles, flexible promesonotal connection, and presence of a postpetiole. Other characteristic features include: antennal sockets partly exposed in full-face (frontal) view; scape relatively short (SL/HL < 0.75); clypeus narrow (front to back) and not extending posteriorly between the frontal carinae; metapleural gland orifice situated at extreme posteroventral margin of metapleuron; hind tibia usually with two apical spurs, of which the posterior spur is pectinate; and sting well developed.
These are slender, large-eyed arboreal ants, predominantly tropical or subtropical in distribution. One genus and two species occur in California.
Bolton (1994); Ward (1989a, 1990, 1991, 2001).
See something amiss? Send us an email.