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Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae   Smith, 1952 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 1 valid tribe, 3 valid genera, 234 valid species

Fossil: 20 valid species

Pseudomyrmecinae Smith, 1952a PDF: 98. Type-genus: Pseudomyrmex. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Pseudomyrmecinae as family: Bernard, 1953b PDF: 221 [Pseudomyrmicidae].
Pseudomyrmecinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Smith, 1952a PDF: 98; Brown, 1954e PDF: 23; all subsequent authors.
Pseudomyrmecinae as myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 30, 134.
Pseudomyrmecinae as formicoid subfamily of Formicidae: Brady et al., 2006 PDF: 18173; Moreau et al., 2006 PDF: 102.
Pseudomyrmecinae as formicoid myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007c PDF: 556.
Tribes of Pseudomyrmecinae: Pseudomyrmecini
Subfamily references
See references for tribe Pseudomyrmecini.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Mayotte
    Americas: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador
    Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Syria
    Oceania: Australia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic

Identification:

Workers of this subfamily can be recognized by the combination of large eyes (EL/HL usually > 0.25), short mandibles, flexible promesonotal connection, and presence of a postpetiole. Other characteristic features include: antennal sockets partly exposed in full-face (frontal) view; scape relatively short (SL/HL < 0.75); clypeus narrow (front to back) and not extending posteriorly between the frontal carinae; metapleural gland orifice situated at extreme posteroventral margin of metapleuron; hind tibia usually with two apical spurs, of which the posterior spur is pectinate; and sting well developed.

Notes:

These are slender, large-eyed arboreal ants, predominantly tropical or subtropical in distribution. One genus and two species occur in California.

References:

Bolton (1994); Ward (1989a, 1990, 1991, 2001).


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