Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.86.1. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Genus: Phrynoponera   Wheeler, 1920 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 5 valid species

Phrynoponera Wheeler, 1920 PDF: 53. Type-species: Bothroponera gabonensis, by original designation. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Phrynoponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Wheeler, 1922: 648; all subsequent authors.
Phrynoponera as junior synonym of Pachycondyla: Brown, 1973b PDF: 183 [provisional]; Snelling, 1981: 389.
Genus Phrynoponera references
Wheeler, 1922: 75, 773 (diagnosis, all species key, catalogue); Bolton, 1995b: 334 (catalogue); Bolton & Fisher, 2008b PDF: 41 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 127 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 270 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

Phrynoponera gabonensis is the most widespread and common species in the genus. Kibale forest, Uganda.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Phrynoponera   Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2008, The Afrotropical ponerine ant genus Phrynoponera Wheeler (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1892, pp. 35-52: 37-41, (download) 37-41 22424
Phrynoponera   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 75, (download) 75 20597

See something amiss? Send us an email.
Log In to see maps.