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Genus: Pachycondyla   Smith, 1858 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 17 valid species

Fossil: 19 valid species

Pachycondyla Smith, 1858a PDF: 105. Type-species: Formica crassinoda, by subsequent designation of Emery, 1901b PDF: 42. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Pachycondyla in Poneridae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 105; Smith, 1871b PDF: 324.
Pachycondyla as genus: all authors.
Genus Pachycondyla catalogues
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 439; Roger, 1863b PDF: 18; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 32; Emery, 1901b PDF: 45 (species list); Emery, 1911e PDF: 73; Smith, 1951c PDF: 785 (North America); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 174; Smith, 1979: 1339 (North America); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 365 (Neotropical); Bolton, 1995b: 302 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013a PDF 105 (Madagascar Pachycondyla wasmannii species-group checklist); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013b PDF: 447 (Pachycondyla sikorae species-group Madagascar checklist); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 155 (species checklist).
Genus Pachycondyla references
Mayr, 1862 PDF: 719 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 13 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870a PDF: 396 (Colombia + Panama (= New Grenada) species key); Emery, 1890b PDF: 71 (Neotropical species key); Emery, 1901b PDF: 42 (diagnosis); Emery, 1911e PDF: 73 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Kempf, 1961b PDF: 192 (Brazil species key); Kempf, 1964e PDF: 51 (Neotropical species key); Alayo, 1974 PDF: 7 (Cuba species key); Bolton, 1994: 164 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato census); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 45 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, China species key); Xu, 1995b PDF: 104 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 310 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, Saudi Arabia species key); Dlussky, 1997a PDF: 51 (in Baltic amber genera key); Kim et al., 1998: 147 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, Korea species key); Shattuck, 1999: 196 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, Australia fauna synopsis); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 35 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, China, Guangxi species key); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 PDF: 424 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, wingless female fossils, diagnosis); Wild, 2003 PDF: 4 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, Paraguay species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 165 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, synopsis); Mackay et al., 2008 PDF: 172 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, Neotropical species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 108 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, Taiwan species keys); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 134 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, south-western Australia species key); MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 4 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, diagnosis, New World species revision, key: 107); Dlussky & Wedmann, 2012 PDF: 746 (Pachycondyla, sensu lato, Germany Eocene fossils key); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013a PDF 101 (Madagascar Pachycondyla wasmannii species-group revision), 104 (Madagascar Pachycondyla wasmannii species-group diagnosis), 105 (Madagascar Pachycondyla wasmannii species-group key); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013b PDF: 447 (Madagascar Pachycondyla sikorae species-group revision), 449 (Madagascar Pachycondyla sikorae species-group diagnosis), 452 (Madagascar Pachycondyla sikorae species-group key); Fernandes et al., 2014 PDF: 133 (Pachycondyla foetida species-group revision), 134 (Pachycondyla foetida species-group worker, queen, male species keys), 136 (Pachycondyla foetida species-group diagnosis); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 152 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 332 (genus in Brazil); Dlussky et al., 2015 PDF: 141 (diagnosis for impression fossils); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 268 (brief male diagnosis); Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 540 (Colombia species key). [Note: in the references, Pachycondyla, sensu lato refers to the paraphyletic genus as recorded in Bolton, 1995b: 302, and Bolton, 2003 PDF: 165; i.e. before the revision of Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 152.]
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
    Asia: Borneo, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia
    Europe: Germany, Russia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

5 species in karnataka india

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pachycondyla   Clark, J., 1930, New Formicidae, with notes on some little-known species., Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 43, pp. 2-25: 11, (download) 11 6104
Pachycondyla   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 105, (download) 105 8127
Pachycondyla   Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B. L., 2007, A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae., Zootaxa 1654, pp. 21-40: 34-38, (download) 34-38 21365
Pachycondyla   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 719, (download) 719 4445

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