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Genus: Cryptopone   Emery, 1893 

Classification:

Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 23 valid species, 1 valid subspecies

Cryptopone Emery, 1893a: cclxxv. Type-species: Cryptopone testacea, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Cryptopone also described as new by Emery, 1893h PDF: 240.]
[Type-species not Amblyopone testacea Motschoulsky, 1863 (now Stigmatomma testaceum (Motschoulsky, 1863)), unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1911e PDF: 88; repeated by Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 161; Wheeler, 1922: 780; Donisthorpe, 1943g: 636; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 90; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 28.]
[Note: it is apparent that Cryptopone testacea (Motschoulsky, 1863) (based on a queen) and Cryptopone testacea Emery, 1893 (based on workers) are not congeneric. Wilson, 1958g PDF: 360, stated that Cryptopone testacea (Motschoulsky, 1863) is, “almost certainly not the species described by Emery as Cryptopone testacea Emery, 1893… it is proposed that Amblyopone testacea Motschoulsky, 1863 [Cryptopone testacea (Motschoulsky, 1863)] be left for the time being as a nomen dubium, and the description by Emery, 1893a be accepted as the original one for Cryptopone testacea”.]
Cryptopone in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Emery, 1895l PDF: 767; Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 382; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 135; Emery, 1911e PDF: 88 [subtribe Ponerini]; Forel, 1917 PDF: 238 [subtribe Ponerini]; Wheeler, 1922: 650; subsequent authors; Bolton, 1995b: 25; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 44, 161.
Cryptopone as genus: all authors except MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 3.
[Crydtopone: incorrect subsequent spelling by Zhou & Zheng, 1997a PDF: 51.]
Genus Cryptopone catalogues
Emery, 1901b PDF: 45 (species list); Emery, 1911e PDF: 88; Wheeler, 1922: 780 (Afrotropical); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 52 (Asia); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 90, 257 (Neotropical Cryptopone, Wadeura); Smith, 1979: 1341 (North America); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 28 (Australia); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 23 (Australia, New Caledonia); Bolton, 1995b: 166; Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 185 (species checklist); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 256 (Afrotropical checklist).
Genus Cryptopone references
Emery, 1911e PDF: 88 (diagnosis); Wheeler, 1933g PDF: 5 (all species key); Wilson, 1958g PDF: 357 (Melanesia species keys); Brown, 1963a PDF: 6 (review of genus); Ogata, 1987a PDF: 118 (diagnosis, Japan); Morisita et al., 1989: 21 (Japan species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 310 (Saudi Arabia species key); Shattuck, 1999: 182 (Australia fauna synopsis); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 35 (China, Guangxi species keys); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 161 (synopsis); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 108 (Taiwan species key); Bharti & Wachkoo, 2013b PDF (India species key); Eguchi et al., 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3860.1.1 PDF: 30 (diagnosis, Vietnam synopsis); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 182 (diagnosis, synopsis); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 318 (genus in Brazil); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 255 (diagnosis); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 256 (brief male diagnosis); Fernandes & Delabie, 2019 10.13102/sociobiology.v66i3.4354 PDF: 411 (New World species key); Branstetter & Longino, 2022 10.1093/isd/ixab031 PDF: 13, 15 (diagnosis, New World species key); Borowiec & Salata, 2022 PDF: 23 (diagnosis).
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: South Africa
    Americas: Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname, United States
    Asia: Borneo, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, North Korea, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam, Yemen
    Europe: Austria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland
    Oceania: Australia, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. E. Simon à l'île de Ceylan (janvier - février 1892). 3 e Mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 239-258

CryptoponeHNS, n. gen .

Operaria: Clypeus carinatus, margine antico late arcuata, acuta, edentula. Mandibula; angusta, margine masticatorio mide obliquo, 5 - dentato. Oculi nulli. Laminae frontales breves, approximate. Antennas 12 - articulatae, clava 4 - articulatu. Thorax suturis distinctis. Pedunculus abdominis nodiformis, versus tertiam partem altitudinis superficiel abdominis anuas insertas. Pedes crassi, breves, articulo tarsorum primo tibia multo breviore; calcaria longe pectinata; unguicuti simplices.

Facies d'un PoneraHNS, mais en differant par l'insertion du pedicule vers le tiers de la face anterieure du segment abdominal suivant, par les mandibules a bord masticateur fort oblique, par les antennes dont les quatre derniers articles forment une massue assez distincte. Les deux premiers de ces caracteres rapprochent ce genre de TrapeziopeltaHNS, dont il differe par l'epistome et les antennes. Les antennes a massue distincte se retrouvent chez TyphlomyrmexHNS et MyopiasHNS; ce dernier genre m'est inconnu en nature.



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