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Genus: Bothroponera   Mayr, 1862 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 42 valid species, 7 valid subspecies

Bothroponera Mayr, 1862 PDF: 713 (diagnosis in key), 717. Type-species: Ponera pumicosa, by subsequent designation of Emery, 1901b PDF: 42. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Bothroponera in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 713 (in key) [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 13 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 35.
Bothroponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Emery, 1895l PDF: 767; Emery, 1911e PDF: 75 [subtribe Pachycondylini]; Wheeler, 1922: 648; all subsequent authors.
Bothroponera as subgenus of Ponera: Emery, 1895l PDF: 767; Forel, 1900f PDF: 325.
Bothroponera as junior synonym of Pachycondyla: Brown, 1973b PDF: 179 [provisional]; Snelling, 1981: 389; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 11; Brown, in Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 166.
Bothroponera revived from synonymy: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 72.
Genus Bothroponera references
Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 72 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Joma & Mackay, 2017 PDF 7: (sulcata species complex); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 253 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:


// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: India, Myanmar, Philippines
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pachycondyla   Clark, J., 1930, New Formicidae, with notes on some little-known species., Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 43, pp. 2-25: 11, (download) 11 6104
Bothroponera   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 69-73, (download) 69-73 20597
Bothroponera   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 127-128, (download) 127-128 6734
Bothroponera n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 717, (download) 717 4445


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