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Species: Tetramorium hispidum   (Wheeler, 1915) 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Xiphomyrmex spinosus subsp. hispidus Wheeler, 1915b PDF: 415 (w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Tetramorium: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 161.
Raised to species: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 161.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic

Distribution Notes:

collected from the Chiricahua Mtns, Cochise Co.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181

Tetramorium hispidum (Wheeler)HNS comb. et stat. n.

(Figs 50, 51)

Xiphomyrmex spinosus subsp, hispidusHNS Wheeler, 1915: 415. Syntype workers, U. S. A.: Arizona, desert E. of Tucson, 22. xi. 1910 (W. M. Wheeler) (USNM, Washington; MCZ, Cambridge; BMNH) [examined].

Worker. TL 3.9 - 4.5, HL 0.90 - 1.02, HW 0.84 - 0.94, CI 89 - 94, SL 0.68 - 0.82, SI 81 - 89, PW 0.64 - 0.74, AL 1.16 - 1.38 (30 measured).

Mandibles densely longitudinally striate. Frontal carinae strongly developed, sinuate, surmounted by a semitranslucent raised rim or flange which is highest behind the frontal lobes and gradually becomes lower posteriorly. Antennal scrobes narrow but capable of receiving the scape. Eyes both absolutely and relatively large, their maximum diameter 0.22 - 0.26, about 0.26 - 0.30 x HW. Propodeal spines short, stout and acute. Metapleural lobes varying in shape from a short, broad but acute triangle to a roundedtriangular lobe, never elongate-spiniform and often as broad or broader across the base than they are long. Dorsum of head longitudinally rugulose, the constituents spaced out and usually gently sinuate or irregular along their length, but not vermiculate. Reticular cross-meshes sparse or absent in front of the level of the posterior margins of the eyes but the occiput usually with a rugoreticulum. Dorsal alitrunk and petiole coarsely reticulate-rugose, the latter less strongly so than the former. Dorsum of postpetiole less strongly rugose than petiole but with more strongly developed punctulate sculpture between the rugae. Elsewhere dense punctulate sculpture is usually conspicuous on the head between the rugulae but is much weaker on the dorsal alitrunk. First gastral tergite with a basal band of dense punctulation or shagreening which may be faint in some individuals but apparently is never absent in this species. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with dense, short, bristly pilosity, the longest hairs on the alitrunk at most only approaching the maximum diameter of the eye and usually much shorter. Pilosity on leading edge of antennal scapes and dorsal (outer) surface of hind tibiae erect to subdecumbent, very short, less than half the maximum diameter of the appendage from which they arise. Colour varying from reddish yellow to deep red-brown.

Formerly treated as a subspecies of spinosumHNS, the above series of diagnostic characters seem consistent and indicate that hispidumHNS is best regarded as a valid species. The combination of large eye and short bristly pilosity is not repeated elsewhere in the complex and although some specimens of spinosumHNS from Baja California approach hispidumHNS in size of eye they have the elongate, less bristly pilosity characteristic of that species.

The punctulation or shagreening of the base of the first gastral tergite seen in this species is variable in density and intensity. In most samples it is coarse and distinct but occasionally it may be so faint as to be visible only under the correct lighting conditions.

Material examined.

U. S. A.: Texas, Langtry (W. M. Wheeler); Texas, Pesidio Co., Alamito (W. M. Wheeler); Arizona, Catalina Mts, Fenner Canyon (W. M. Wheeler); Arizona, Cochise Co., Portal (W. L. Brown); Arizona, Phoenix (L. C. Murphree); Arizona, nr Oracle (L. G. Werner); Arizona, Tucson (W. M. Wheeler); Arizona, Huachuca Mts, Miller Canyon; Arizona, Mesa (L. C. Murphree).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in meadow in pinyon-oak-juniper woodland, 1 times found in creosote desert, 3 times found in Chihuahuan desert, 2 times found in desert scrub, 1 times found in manzanita-oak woodland, 1 times found in Chihuahuan desert flats, 1 times found in ocotillo-agave rocky slope, 1 times found in Open juniper woodland, transitional to desert. Juniperus deppeana, Acacia, Pros, 1 times found in creosote-mesquite desert, 1 times found in desert wash, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times under stone, 1 times nest under rock, 1 times ex pitfall trap, 2 times stray foragers on ground, 1 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times nest around stones, 2 times under rock, 1 times pitfall trap, 1 times on ground under granite, 1 times ground nest, 1 times foragers on ground, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 4 times hand collecting, 2 times pitfall trap, 2 times general collecting, 2 times Search, 1 times direct collection.

Elevations: collected from 90 - 1820 meters, 1155 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1910-11-22 and 2019-03-10

Type specimens: syntype of Tetramorium hispidum: casent0901049



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