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Genus: Temnothorax   Mayr, 1861 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 452 valid species, 36 valid subspecies

Fossil: 7 valid species

Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 PDF: 68. Type-species: Myrmica recedens, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Temnothorax in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Temnothorax in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 68 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 21 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 459 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 122.
Temnothorax as junior synonym of Leptothorax: Forel, 1890b PDF: lxxii; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 96; Brown, 1973b PDF: 185 [provisional]; Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319; Bolton, 1994: 105.
Genus Temnothorax references
See under Leptothorax for pre-2003 references; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 270 (genus diagnosis); Radchenko, 2004 PDF: 131 (Eastern Palaearctic species key); Radchenko, 2005b PDF: 193 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007: 120 (North and Central Europe species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 181 (Taiwan species key); Zhou et al., 2010 PDF: 9 (China species key) ; Czechowski et al., 2012: 366 (Poland species key); Bharti et al., 2012 PDF: 334 (India species key); Snelling et al., 2014 PDF: 80 (California species key);Salata & Borowiec, 2015c PDF: 129 (eastern Mediterranean species key); Bharti et al., 2016 10.13102/sociobioloby.v63i2.869 PDF: 748 (Indian species key); Csosz et al., 2015 10.1371/journal.pone.0140000 PDF: 1 (nylanderi-group key, taxonomic synopsis); Galkowski & Lebas, 2016 PDF: 80 (black species key); Sharaf et al., 2017 10.5852/ejt.2017.280 PDF: 1 (Arabian Peninsula species key); Radchenko et al., 2015 PDF 161 (Caucasian species); Catarineu et al., 2017 10.13102/sociobiology.v64i2.1274 PDF: 143: (Iberian laurae group species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 241 (brief male diagnosis); Galkowski & Cagniant, 2017 PDF: 190 (angustulus group, angustulus species group key); Prebus, 2017 10.1186/s12862-017-1095-8 PDF: 250 (global phylogeny); Csosz et al., 2018 PDF: 106 (Turano-European Temnothorax interruptus species group key); Salata et al., 2018 10.3161/00034541ANZ2018.68.4.004 PDF: 801 (Cretan species key); Salata & Borowiec, 2019b 10.3897/zookeys.877.36320 PDF: 91 (key to Greek species groups); Salata & Borowiec, 2019b 10.3897/zookeys.877.36320 PDF: 121 (key to aveli group from Greece); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2019b 10.3161/00034541ANZ2019.69.3.009 PDF: 607 (Arabian species key); Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 825 (Colombia species); Rasheed et al., 2020 10.3906/zoo-2003-54 PDF: 380 (Pakistan species key); Yusupov et al., 2020 10.23885/181433262020162-353357 PDF: 355 (Indian species key); Yusupov et al., 2020 10.23885/181433262020162-347352 PDF: 351 (Pakistan species key); Prebus, 2021b 10.7717/peerj.11514 PDF: 3 (Temnothorax salvini clade phylogeny, divergence dates, biogeography, species delimitation), 25 (key to principal clades of Temnothorax (workers)), 33 (Temnothorax salvini clade diagnosis (workers)), 34 (key to Temnothorax salvini clade species (workers)), 67 key to Temnothorax salvini clade species groups (reproductive caste forewings)), 68 (Temnothorax salvini clade synopsis, including species groups), 74 (Temnothorax acuminatus group overview), 85 (Temnothorax acutispinosus group overview), 89 (Temnothorax altinodus group overview), 93 (Temnothorax annexus group overview), 121 (Temnothorax augusti group overview), 142 (Temnothorax casanovai group overview), 148 (Temnothorax fuscatus group overview), 174 (Temnothorax goniops group overview), 200 (Temnothorax misomoschus group overview), 205 (Temnothorax pastinifer group overview), 236 (Temnothorax pergandei group overview), 254 (Temnothorax pilicornis group overview), 258 (Temnothorax pulchellus group overview), 345 (Temnothorax rugosus group overview), 358 (Temnothorax salvini group overview), 421 (Temnothorax subditivus group overview), 441 (Temnothorax tenuisculptus group overview), 447 (Temnothorax terrigena group overview); González, 2021 10.11646/zootaxa.5005.2.2 PDF: 155 (key to Iberian Temnothorax sordidulus species-complex workers).

Taxon Page Images:



Cracking open an acorn reveals a colony of Temnothorax curvispinosus acorn ants. This species will also nest in walnut shells, twigs, plant galls, and other small pre-formed cavities. Urbana, Illinois, USA.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Cameroon, Canary Islands, Eritrea, Kenya, Libya, Macaronesia, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia
    Americas: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, North Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Jersey, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Temnothorax   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 29-30, (download) 29-30 23462
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Leptothorax   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 72, (download) 72 3926
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 15, (download) 15 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 37, (download) 37 21008
Leptothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 13, (download) 13 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008


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