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Genus: Stenamma   Westwood, 1839 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 84 valid species

Fossil: 1 valid species

Stenamma Westwood, 1839a PDF: 219. Type-species: Stenamma westwoodii, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Stenamma in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Stenamma in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 55 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 23 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 456 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 121.
Genus Stenamma references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 25, 27 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395, 454 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 20, 23 (Asemorhoptrum, Stenamma diagnoses); André, 1883a: 311 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 261 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 121 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a PDF: 693 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Emery, 1908d PDF: 306 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 127 (Italy species key); Emery, 1921c PDF: 52 (diagnosis, catalogue); Arnol'di, 1928b PDF: 215 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Arnol'di, 1933a: 599 (Russia species key); Buren, 1944a PDF: 284 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 135 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 153 (Asia checklist); Smith, 1957b PDF: 141 (U.S.A. species key); Yasumatsu & Murakami, 1960 PDF: 28 (Japan species key); Smith, 1962a PDF: 38 (Mexico and Central America species key); Gregg, 1963: 347 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 120 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 126 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 242 (Neotropical catalogue); Snelling, 1973c PDF: 5 (Western U.S.A. species key); Arnol'di, 1975 PDF: 1826 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Kutter, 1977c: 74 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 535 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 80 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1357 (North America, catalogue); Allred, 1982: 443 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Gösswald, 1985: 297 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 33 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 268 (Balkans species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 116 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Morisita et al., 1992: 14 (Japan species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 29 (Armenia species key); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 344 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 393 (catalogue); Seifert, 1996b: 155 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996: 44 (Britain species key); Fernández et al., 1996: 9 (Colombia species key); DuBois, 1998b PDF: 215 (Palaearctic & Oriental species revision, keys); Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 209 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Lyu & Cho, 2004 PDF: 263 (Korea species key); Seifert, 2007: 143 (North and Central Europe species key); Branstetter, 2009 PDF: 43 (diagnosis); Liu & Xu, 2011 PDF: 736 (Palaearctic and Oriental species key); Branstetter, 2013 PDF (Middle American clade species revision, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 237 (brief male diagnosis); Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 800 (Colombia species key)

Taxon Page Images:

A queen (right) and two worker Stenamma dyscheres. Notice the small eye size of the workers, a trait common to all subterranean ants. Empire Mine State Park, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    Americas: Belize, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, United States
    Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, South Korea, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Stenamma occurs in the Holarctic, Central America and northwestern South America (Colombia, Ecuador).

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Stenamma   Branstetter, M. G., 2009, The ant genus Stenamma Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) redefined, with a description of a new genus Propodilobus., Zootaxa 2221, pp. 41-57: 42-46, (download) 42-46 22826
Stenamma   Emery, C., 1908, Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) (Fortsetzung.). 3. Die mit Aphaenogaster verwandte Gattungen-gruppe., Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1908, pp. 305-338: 305-306, (download) 305-306 3843
Stenamma   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Pfeiffer, M., 2010, New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran., Asian Myrmecology 3, pp. 29-38: 34, (download) 34 23045 GoogleMaps
Stenamma   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 60, (download) 60 6175
Stenamma   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 36-37, (download) 36-37 21008
Stenamma   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008

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