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Genus: Podomyrma   Smith, 1859 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 52 valid species, 10 valid subspecies

Fossil: 1 valid species

Podomyrma Smith, 1859a PDF: 145. Type-species: Podomyrma femorata, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 170. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Podomyrma in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1871b PDF: 327.
Podomyrma in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Podomyrma in Myrmicinae, Myrmecinini: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 383; Emery, 1912b PDF: 105; Emery, 1914e PDF: 41; Forel, 1917 PDF: 244; Wheeler, 1922: 663; Emery, 1924f PDF: 236 [subtribe Podomyrmini]; all subsequent authors to the following.
Genus Podomyrma references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 27 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 443 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 24 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 107 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1876 PDF: 109 (Australia species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 59 (catalogue); Viehmeyer, 1914c PDF: 521 (Papua species key); Emery, 1924f PDF: 235, 236 (Dacryon, Podomyrma diagnoses, catalogues); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 119 (Asia checklist); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 80 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 57 (Australia checklist); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 338 (catalogue); Taylor, 1999 PDF: 173 (Australia species nomenclature); Shattuck, 1999: 157 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 173 (south-western Australia species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 227 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

Podomyrma adelaidae worker foraging on a tree branch. Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Indonesia
    Oceania: Australia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Smith, F., 1859, Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace at the Islands of Aru and Key., Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 3, pp. 132-158

Gen. PodomyrmaHNS, Smith.

Head oblong in the female, rather wider than the thorax; in the worker subovate and much wider; eyes small, ovate and placed about the middle at the sides of the head; antennae geniculated, the scape about two thirds of the length of the flagellum which is clavate, the club three-jointed; the mandibles stout and dentate; the labial palpi 3 - jointed; the maxillary palpi 4 - jointed. Thorax, oblong-ovate in the female, in the worker transverse in front and narrowed behind with the metathorax bidentate; the anterior wings with one elongate marginal cell and two submarginal cells, the second extending to the apex of the wing; the legs stout, the femora incrassate; abdomen ovate, the peduncle with two nodes.

The insects included in this genus are undoubtedly most nearly allied to those belonging to the genus MyrmecinaHNS; but, excepting that they agree in having the same number of joints in the palpi, they have little resemblance to each other. With the exception of the genus MyrmeciaHNS, these are the largest insects in the subfamily Myrmicidae; and all the species are distinguished by their remarkably thickened femora and margined thorax: we are unacquainted with the males.

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