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Species: Pheidole littoralis   Cole, 1952 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Pheidole sitarches subsp. littoralis Cole, 1952b PDF: 443 (s.w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species: Naves, 1985 PDF: 64.
See also: Wilson, 2003a: 581.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole littoralis ColeHNS

Pheidole sitarches littoralis ColeHNS 1952b: 443. Raised to species level by Naves 1985: 64.

Types Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.; Nat. Mus. Nat. Hist. U.S.; Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L littoralisHNS, of the shore, referring to the habitat at the type locality.

diagnosis A member of the " piliferaHNS complex" of the larger piliferaHNS group, comprising calensHNS, californicaHNS, carrolliHNS, cavigenisHNS, clementensisHNS, creightoniHNS, hopliticaHNS, littoralisHNS, miculaHNS, piliferaHNS, polymorphaHNS, rugulosaHNS, senexHNS, soritisHNS, tepicanaHNS, torosaHNS, which complex is characterized by the following traits. Major: dorsal head surface extensively sculptured; occipital lobes horizontally rugulose (or, in carrolliHNS smooth, in littoralisHNS foveate, and in miculaHNS and soritisHNS carinulate; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped, trapezoidal, or spinose. Minor: eye medium-sized to large.

P. littoralisHNS is easily distinguished within the complex by the following combination of traits.

Major: occiput not rugulose, but covered with conspicuous foveae; anterior and lateral margins of pronotum rugoreticulate; mesonotum longitudinally carinulate; triangular subpostpetiolar process present; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped.

Minor: most of head, mesosoma, and waist foveolate and opaque.

Measurements (mm) Paratype major: HW 1.40, HL 1.52, SL 0.56, EL 0.20, PW 0.58.

Paratype minor: HW 0.58, HL 0.50, SL 0.42, EL 0.12, PW 0.28.

color Major: gaster plain medium to dark brown; remainder of body, and appendages, reddish brown. Minor: most of body light brown, with dark brown gaster and brownish yellow appendages.

Range Apparently limited to central Florida.

biology Naves (1985) and Stefan Cover (unpublished) found littoralisHNS very common nesting in white-sand scrub at the Archbold Field Station near Lake Placid, Florida, and close to colonies of adrianoiHNS and metallescensHNS. The excavations are relatively very deep, beneath crescentic crater mounds, and the colonies small. A granary chamber filled with seeds is always found 10 to 20 cm beneath the surface.

Figure Upper: paratype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. FLORIDA: Lido Beach, Sarasota. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Oak Scrub, 1 times found in turkey oak woodland, 1 times found in sandhill habitat, 1 times found in scrubby flatwoods.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in soil, 1 times in sand.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times search.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 42 meters, 14 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1950-12-20 and 2009-07-29

Type specimens: Paratype: fmnhins0000062820, fmnhins0000062821, fmnhins0000062822, fmnhins0000077003; paratype of Pheidole sitarches littoralis: casent0901557, casent0901558

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