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Genus: Nesomyrmex   Wheeler, 1910 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 83 valid species, 1 valid subspecies

Fossil: 2 valid species

Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910d PDF: 259. Type-species: Nesomyrmex clavipilis, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Replacement name for Goniothorax Emery, 1896: Smith, 1950a PDF: 30; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 249. (Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910 is the oldest synonym of Goniothorax Emery, 1896 (a junior homonym) and hence is the first available replacement name.)
Nesomyrmex in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini: Forel, 1917 PDF: 244; subsequent authors to the following.
Nesomyrmex as junior synonym of Goniothorax Emery, 1896: Donisthorpe, 1943g: 674.
Nesomyrmex as junior synonym of Leptothorax: Brown, 1973b PDF: 183 [provisional]; Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319; Bolton, 1994: 105; Bolton, 1995b: 39.
Nesomyrmex as genus: Wheeler, 1910d PDF: 259; Francoeur & Loiselle, 1988b: 43 (possibly valid); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 14 [junior synonyms of Nesomyrmex left behind under Leptothorax]; Jaffe, 1993: 11; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 70.
Genus Nesomyrmex references
Emery, 1896g PDF: 58 (Neotropical species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 258 (South Africa species key); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 358 (Tetramyrma diagnosis); Wheeler, 1922: 890, 908 (Afrotropical Nesomyrmex (Goniothorax), Tetramyrma catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1029 (Malagasy Nesomyrmex (Goniothorax) catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 249 (Nesomyrmex (Goniothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 291 (Tetramyrma review, catalogue); Kempf, 1959d PDF: 394 (Neotropical Leptothorax (Nesomyrmex) species revision, key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 133 (Neotropical Leptothorax (Nesomyrmex) catalogue); Kempf, 1975c PDF: 367 (additions to 1959b key); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 13 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 349 (Neotropical catalogue); Bolton, 1995b: 235 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 272 (genus diagnosis); Mbanyana & Robertson, 2008 PDF: 36 (southern Africa species revision, key); Csosz & Fisher, 2015 PDF: 19 (Malagasy species-group key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016a 10.7717/peerj.1796 PDF: 1 (angulatus group revision, key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016b 10.1371/journal.pone.0152454 PDF: 1 (sikorai group revision, key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016c 10.3897/zookeys.603.8271 PDF: 105 (madecassus group revision, key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016d 10.3897/zookeys.616.9532 PDF 125: (brevicornis group revision, key); Hita Garcia et al., 2017 PDF: 1 (Afrotropical species group key, angulatus species group key); Sharaf et al., 2017 10.3897/AfrInvertebr.58.12782 PDF: 21 (Arabian Peninsula key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 220 (brief male diagnosis); Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 824 (Colombia species key); Sharaf, 2020 PDF: 355 (Arabian species key)

Taxon Page Images:

Nesomyrmex anduzei Gamboa, Panama.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Israel, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Nesomyrmex   Mbanyana, N. & Robertson, H. G., 2008, Review of the ant genus Nesomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in southern Africa., African Natural History 4, pp. 35-55: 36, (download) 36 23052
Nesomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 34, (download) 34 21367
Nesomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 34, (download) 34 21367

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