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Genus: Messor   Forel, 1890 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 129 valid species, 37 valid subspecies

Fossil: 1 valid species

Messor Forel, 1890b PDF: lxviii [as subgenus of Aphaenogaster]. Type-species: Formica barbara, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 277. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Messor in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini: Emery, 1914e PDF: 40; Forel, 1917 PDF: 241; Arnold, 1920a PDF: 404; Emery, 1921c PDF: 68 [subtribe Stenammini]; Wheeler, 1922: 661; all subsequent authors.
Messor as subgenus of Stenamma: Emery, 1895d PDF: 298; Emery, 1895l PDF: 769; Forel, 1903a PDF: 693.
Messor as genus: Bingham, 1903 PDF: 277; Ruzsky, 1905b: 726; Emery, 1908f PDF: 437; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 140; Forel, 1917 PDF: 241; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 149; Arnold, 1920a PDF: 404; Emery, 1921c PDF: 68; Wheeler, 1922: 661; all subsequent authors.
Genus Messor references
Forel, 1903a PDF: 693 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 278 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 726 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1908f PDF: 437 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 143 (Italy species key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 149 (France & Belgium species key); Arnold, 1920a PDF: 404 (diagnosis); Emery, 1921c PDF: 43 (Cratomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1921c PDF: 67 (Veromessor diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1921c PDF: 68 (diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 802 (Afrotropical Cratomyrmex, Messor catalogues); Santschi, 1927d PDF: 247 (Messor instabilis group key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927a PDF: 89 (Central Asia species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d PDF: 4 (Central Asia species key); Finzi, 1929 PDF: 77 (Italy species key); Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 56 (Israel species key); Wheeler & Creighton, 1934 PDF: 360 (Veromessor species key); Finzi, 1936 PDF: 160 (Egypt species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 82 (Central Europe species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 158 (North America Veromesor species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 136 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1955a PDF: 360 (Mediterranean Messor structor group key); Smith, 1956a PDF: 36 (U.S.A. Veromessor species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 137 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 257 (Neotropical Veromessor catalogue); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 50 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Arnol'di, 1977b PDF: 1640 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 537 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 80 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1364 (North America Veromessor catalogue); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 338 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 248 (Saudi Arabia species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 38 (U.S.A., Nevada Veromessor species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 270 (Balkans species key); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 215 (Turkmenistan species key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 156 (Corsica species key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 113 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 33 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 252 (catalogue); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 314 (Saudi Arabia species key); Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998 PDF: 419 (Morocco species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 14 (Portugal species key); He & Song, 2009 PDF: 721 (China species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 210 (brief male diagnosis); Bodlah et al., 2019 PDF: 1 (Messor instabilis and Messor himalayanus associations with aphids), 5 (key to Pakistan species (workers)).

Taxon Page Images:

A busy nest entrance of Messor andrei harvester ants. Frank Raines State Park, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Canary Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Macaronesia, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: United States
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mongolia, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen
    Europe: Albania, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Messor n. subgen.  Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 68, (download) 68 3926
Messor   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 33, (download) 33 21008
Messor   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 51, (download) 51 21622

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