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Species: Messor arenarius   (Fabricius, 1787) 

Classification:
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See Also:

Messor arenarius alfierii, Messor arenarius diabolus, Messor arenarius ratus, Messor arenarius thebaicus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 4 valid subspecies

Formica arenaria Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 310 (w.) NORTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: 3 syntype workers. Type-locality: “Barbaria” (= North African coast from Morocco to Libya). Type-depositories: ZMUC, ZMUK. Type notes: Zimsen, 1964 PDF: 426, reports 2 specimens in ZMUC, 1 in ZMUK. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

André, 1883b: 366 (q.); Emery, 1891c: 12 (q.m.); Forel, 1902a PDF: 148 (m.).
Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b PDF: 29.
Combination in Atta: Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395.
Combination in Messor: Forel, 1894d PDF: 45.
Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1898c PDF: 125.
Combination in Cratomyrmex: Cagniant, 1970a PDF: 414.
Combination in Messor: Emery, 1908f PDF: 439; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
Status as species: Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2802; Olivier, 1792: 499; Latreille, 1802a PDF: 288; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 411; Roger, 1862c PDF: 292; Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395; Emery, 1880 PDF: 392; Emery, 1881b PDF: 534; André, 1881c PDF: 74; André, 1883b: 353 (in key); Emery, 1884: 382; Forel, 1890b PDF: lxx; Emery, 1891c: 12; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 98; Forel, 1894d PDF: 28; Forel, 1895e PDF: 233; Emery, 1898c PDF: 125; Forel, 1902a PDF: 148; Forel, 1904d PDF: 5; Forel, 1907h PDF: 15; Forel, 1908b PDF: 14; Emery, 1908f PDF: 439 (redescription); Forel, 1909k PDF: 379; Karavaiev, 1911b PDF: 3; Karavaiev, 1912a PDF: 5; Forel, 1913d PDF: 428; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 342; Crawley, 1920a PDF: 163; Emery, 1921c PDF: 69; Emery, 1924a PDF: 7; Menozzi, 1927g PDF: 379; Kutter, 1928: 66; Finzi, 1930b PDF: 15; Santschi, 1931a: 4; Menozzi, 1932e PDF: 452; Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 51; Menozzi, 1934: 158; Finzi, 1936 PDF: 158; Santschi, 1938a PDF: 32 (redescription); Menozzi, 1940a PDF: 267; Finzi, 1940 PDF: 158; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 87; Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 143; Cagniant, 1970a PDF: 414; Bernard, 1971: 6; Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 249; Kugler, 1988: 257; Bolton, 1995b: 252; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 316; Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998 PDF: 423; Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 197; Vonshak & Ionescu-Hirsch, 2009 PDF: 42; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 102 (see note in bibliography); Tohmé & Tohmé, 2014 PDF: 134; Barech et al., 2020 10.35929/RSZ.0002 PDF: 14.
Senior synonym of Messor bugnioni: Forel, 1904g PDF: 424; Emery, 1908f PDF: 439; Emery, 1921c PDF: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    Asia: Israel, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in sand dunes.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times Hand.

Collect Date Range: collected between 1908-11-01 and 1969-11-06

Type specimens: syntype of Messor barbarus striativentris beduina: casent0917755; syntype of Messor barbarus striativentris beduina: casent0904137



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