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Genus: Meranoplus   Smith, 1853 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 88 valid species

Meranoplus Smith, 1853 PDF: 224. Type-species: Cryptocerus bicolor, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 166. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Meranoplus in Cryptoceridae, Cataulacinae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Genus Meranoplus references: see above and below
Mayr, 1865 PDF: 26 (diagnosis); Forel, 1903a PDF: 705 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 167 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1914e PDF: 41 (synoptic classification); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 363 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Forel, 1917 PDF: 244 (synoptic classification); Wheeler, 1922: 183, 663 (Meranoplus diagnosis, Meranoplini genera key); Emery, 1924f PDF: 222 (diagnosis, genera key); Wheeler, 1935a PDF: 6 (genera key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976b PDF: 55 (larvae, review & synthesis); Bolton, 1981a PDF: 44, 46 (review of tribe, diagnosis, Afrotropical species revision, key); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 80 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 16 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 78 (China species key); Schödl, 1998 PDF: 361 (Oriental species revision, key); Shattuck, 1999: 141 (Australia synopsis); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 67, 242 (diagnosis, synopsis); Andersen, 2006 PDF: 158 (Australia species groups key); Schödl, 2007 PDF: 373 (M. diversus group key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 151 (south-western Australia species key); Bharti & Akbar, 2014c PDF: 814 (India species key); Boudinot & Fisher, 2013 PDF (Malagasy species revision, male diagnosis, species key); Bharti & Akbar, 2014c PDF (India species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 209 (brief male diagnosis); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2019a 10.7717/peerj.6287 PDF: 5 (Arabian species, key)

Taxon Page Images:

A Meranoplus shield ant carries a bit of soil from a nest excavation. Peebinga Conservation Park, South Australia.
Image © Alex Wild.


Meranoplus bicolor queen and larvae

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
    Oceania: Australia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Meranoplus   Smith, F., 1876, Descriptions of new species of Cryptoceridae, belonging to the genera Cryptocerus, Meranoplus and Cataulacus., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 9, pp. 603-612: 609-610, (download) 609-610 2610
Meranoplus   Dlussky, G. M. & Radchenko, A. G., 1990, [The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Vietnam. Subfamily Pseudomyrmicinae. Subfamily Myrmicinae (tribes Calyptomyrmecini, Meranoplini, Cataulacini).], [News of faunistics and systematics.], Kiev: Naukova Dumka, pp. 119-125: 124-125, (download) 124-125 21374
Basiceros   Feitosa, R. M., Brandão, C. R. F. & Dietz, B. H., 2007, Basiceros scambognathus (Brown, 1949) n. comb., with the worker and male descriptions, and a revised generic diagnosis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)., Papeis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia 47, pp. 15-26: 17-19, (download) 17-19 21210
Meranoplus   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 193, (download) 193 8127
Meranoplus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 183-184, (download) 183-184 20597
Meranoplus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 147-148, (download) 147-148 6734
Meranoplus   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 19, (download) 19 23462

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