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Genus: Manica   Jurine, 1807 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 6 valid species

Fossil: 1 valid species

Manica Jurine, 1807 PDF: 276. Type-species: Formica rubida, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 166. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Manica in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini: Wheeler, 1922: 660; all subsequent authors.
Manica as subgenus of Myrmica: Emery, 1921c PDF: 42; Wheeler, 1922: 660; Smith, 1951c PDF: 791.
Manica as genus: Jurine, 1807 PDF: 276; Weber, 1947b PDF: 439; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 105; Smith, 1958c PDF: 113; all subsequent authors.
Genus Manica references
Wheeler, 1914e PDF: 119 (U.S.A. species key); Emery, 1921c PDF: 42 (diagnosis, catalogue); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 108 (North America species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 125 (diagnosis); Smith, 1979: 1352 (North America catalogue); Allred, 1982: 440 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 25 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Morisita et al., 1992: 13 (Japan species key); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 249 (catalogue); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 207 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

Manica bradleyi Nevada County, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, United States
    Asia: Armenia, Georgia, Japan, Turkey
    Europe: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68

Genus Manica JurineHNS

All four North American species of this Holarctic genus occur in California, where they are confined to montane and high desert locations. Detailed notes on the distribution and nesting habits of the species are given by Wheeler and Wheeler (1970a). One species, M. parasitica CreightonHNS, is known only from peculiar shiny workers collected in the nests of M. bradleyi (Wheeler)HNS, of which it is presumed to be a parasite, but its taxonomic status remains unclear.

Species identification: keys in Wheeler and Wheeler (1986g). Additional references: Creighton (1934), Fales et al. (1972), Went et al. (1972), Wheeler and Wheeler (1968b, 1970a), Wheeler (1914e).

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