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Genus: Cyphomyrmex   Mayr, 1862 

Classification:

Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 23 valid species

Fossil: 2 valid species

Cyphomyrmex Mayr, 1862 PDF: 651 (diagnosis in key), 690. Type-species: Cyphomyrmex minutus, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Type-species not Cryptocerus rimosus Spinola, 1851, unjustified subsequent designation by Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 161.]
[Type-species not Meranoplus difformis Smith, 1858, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1924f PDF: 340.]
Cyphomyrmex in Formicinae: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 651 (in key), 690 [Formicidae].
Cyphomyrmex as junior synonym of Cataulacus: Roger, 1863b PDF: 39.
Cyphomyrmex as subgenus of Atta: Forel, 1912f PDF: 188.
Genus Cyphomyrmex catalogues
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 406; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 149; Emery, 1924f PDF: 340; Smith, 1951c PDF: 829 (North America); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 92 (Neotropical); Smith, 1979: 1410 (North America); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 339 (Neotropical); Bolton, 1995b: 167; Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 259 (Malagasy checklist).
Genus Cyphomyrmex references
Mayr, 1865 PDF: 25 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1887 PDF: 556 (all species key); Emery, 1924f PDF: 340 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Kusnezov, 1949d PDF: 436 (Argentina species key); Weber, 1940b PDF: 408 (all species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 316 (Nearctic species key); Kusnezov, 1957e PDF: 9 (Neotropical species, partial key); Kempf, 1962b PDF: 30 (species groups); Kempf, 1964d PDF: 5 (Cyphomyrmex strigatus group revision, key); Kempf, 1966 PDF: 161 (Cyphomyrmex rimosus group revision, key); Snelling & Longino, 1992 PDF: 480 (Cyphomyrmex rimosus group revision, key); Bolton, 1994: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1049 (census); Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 38 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 222 (genus in Brazil); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 258 (diagnosis); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 197 (brief male diagnosis); Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 847 (Colombia species key).

Taxon Page Images:



Some Cyphomyrmex species cultivate their fungus as a yeast, visible here as little white globules. Mindo, Ecuador
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Reunion
    Americas: Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Snelling, R. R. & Longino, J. T., 1992, Revisionary notes on the fungus-growing ants of the genus Cyphomyrmex, rimosus-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Attini)., Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: selected studies., Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 479-494: 479-484, (download) 479-484 13137
Cyphomyrmex   Kempf, W. W., 1964, A revision of the Neotropical fungus-growing ants of the genus Cyphomyrmex Mayr. Part I. Group of strigatus Mayr (Hym., Formicidae)., Studia Entomologica (N. S.) 7, pp. 1-44: 3-7, (download) 3-7 4576
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 690, (download) 690 4445
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 32, (download) 32 21008
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Cyphomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367


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