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Genus: Cataulacus   Smith, 1853 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 65 valid species

Fossil: 3 valid species

Cataulacus Smith, 1853 PDF: 225. Type-species: Cataulacus taprobanae, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 120. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Cataulacus in Cryptoceridae, Cataulacinae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Cataulacus as genus: all authors.
Cataulacus as senior synonym of Otomyrmex: Wheeler, 1922: 665 (in text); Brown, 1973b PDF: 183 [provisional]; Bolton, 1974a PDF: 1; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 13; Bolton, 1995b: 23; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 193.
[Catalaucus: incorrect subsequent spelling by Snelling, 1992a PDF: 100.]
Genus Cataulacus catalogues
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 402; Roger, 1863b PDF: 39; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 137; Wheeler, 1922: 912, 1033 (Afrotropical, Malagasy); Emery, 1924f PDF: 294, 299 (Cataulacus, Cataulacus (Otomyrmex)); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 84 (Asia); Bolton, 1995b: 137; Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 241 (Afrotropical, Malagasy checklist).
Genus Cataulacus references
Mayr, 1865 PDF: 26 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870a PDF: 413 (Colombia + Panama (= New Grenada) species key, see under Procryptocerus); Forel, 1903a PDF: 706 (India, Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 121 (India, Sri Lanka, Burma species key); Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 142 (diagnosis); Emery, 1914e PDF: 39 (diagnosis (in key)); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 386 (diagnosis); Arnold, 1920a PDF: 403 (South Africa species key); Wheeler, 1922: 197 (diagnosis); Emery, 1924f PDF: 294, 299 (Cataulacus, Cataulacus (Otomyrmex) diagnoses); Bolton, 1974a PDF: 7 (revision of tribe, diagnosis, all species revision), 13 (Afrotropical, Malagasy species key), 59 (Oriental, Malesian species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976b PDF: 59 (larvae, review and synthesis); Kugler, 1978a: 476 (sting structure); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 354 (Afrotropical species, revised key); Bolton, 1994: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 (census); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 55, 193 (diagnosis, synopsis); Eguchi et al., 2011 PDF: 13 (diagnosis, Vietnam synopsis); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 239 (diagnosis); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 194 (brief male diagnosis).

Taxon Page Images:

Cataulacus huberi is an armored tree-dwelling ant common across central Africa. Kibale forest, Uganda.
Image © Alex Wild.


Cataulacus taprobanae male from Western ghats. image @ manoj

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
    Europe: Italy
    Oceania: Papua New Guinea
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Cataulacus   Dlussky, G. M. & Radchenko, A. G., 1990, [The ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Vietnam. Subfamily Pseudomyrmicinae. Subfamily Myrmicinae (tribes Calyptomyrmecini, Meranoplini, Cataulacini).], [News of faunistics and systematics.], Kiev: Naukova Dumka, pp. 119-125: 125, (download) 125 21374
Cataulacus   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 13-14, (download) 13-14 23462
Cataulacus   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 195, (download) 195 8127
Cataulacus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 144-145, (download) 144-145 6734
Cataulacus   Smith, F., 1876, Descriptions of new species of Cryptoceridae, belonging to the genera Cryptocerus, Meranoplus and Cataulacus., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 9, pp. 603-612: 611, (download) 611 2610
Cataulacus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 196-197, (download) 196-197 20597

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