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Genus: Carebara   Westwood, 1840 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 223 valid species, 22 valid subspecies

Fossil: 10 valid species

Carebara Westwood, 1840b PDF: 86. Type-species: Carebara lignata, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Carebara in Poneridae, Attidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 178.
Carebara in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1865 PDF: 23 [Myrmicidae]; Smith, 1871b PDF: 334 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 74.
Carebara in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81 [Myrmicidae, Pheidolidae].
Genus Carebara references
Smith, 1858a PDF: 178 (Carebara diagnosis); Roger, 1863b PDF: 32 (Carebara catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 402 (Carebara catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 23 (Carebara diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 106 (Carebara diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 74, 78 (Carebara, Oligomyrmex, Aeromyrma catalogues); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 150 (Carebara diagnosis); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 154 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Oligomyrmex species key); Santschi, 1913e PDF: 459 (African Oligomyrmex, key); Santschi, 1914d PDF: 363 (Afrotropical Carebara species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 248, 254, 256 (Carebara, Aneleus, Aeromyrma diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922: 165, 687 (Aeromyrma diagnosis, Oligomyrmex subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922: 168, 172, 883 (Carebara diagnosis, Afrotropical species key, Afrotropical catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 177, 884 (Paedalgus diagnosis, Afrotropical catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 880, 881, 882 (Afrotropical Aneleus, Oligomyrmex, Aeromyrma catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1028 (Malagasy Oligomyrmex, Aeromyrma catalogues); Emery, 1924f PDF: 213 (Aneleus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 215 (Aneleus (Lecanomyrma) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 215 (Oligomyrmex (Aeromyrma) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 217 (Carebara (Oligomyrex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 218 (Erebomyrma diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 219 (Carebara diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 221 (Paedalgus diagnosis, catalogue); Weber, 1950a PDF: 1 (Africa Oligomyrmex species, synopsis); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 151, 154, 156, 158 (Asia Carebara, Aeromyrma, Aneleus, Oligomyrmex, Paedalgus checklists); Weber, 1952a PDF: 11 (Africa Carebara (Aeromyrma) species key); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 119 (Oligomyrmex diagnosis, review of genus, checklist); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 125 (Carebara diagnosis, review of genus, checklist); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 128 (Paedalgus diagnosis, review of genus, checklist); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 74 (Neotropical Carebara catalogue); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 172 (Neotropical Oligomyrmex catalogue); Smith, 1979: 1389 (North America Oligomyrmex catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 71 (Australia Oligomyrmex catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 50 (Australia, New Caledonia Oligomyrmex checklist); Taylor, 1991b PDF: 605 (Australia Oligomyrmex species, partial key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 342 (Neotropical Oligomyrmex catalogue); Morisita et al., 1992: 45 (Japan Oligomyrmex species key); Bolton & Belshaw, 1993 PDF: 181 (Paedalgus diagnosis, all species revision, key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048, 1051 (Carebara, Oligomyrmex, Paedalgus census); Bolton, 1995b: 133, 298, 311 (Carebara, Oligomyrmex, Paedalgus catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 74 (China Oligomyrmex species key); Terayama, 1996b PDF: 24 (Japan Oligomyrmex species key); Shattuck, 1999: 148 (Australia Oligomyrmex synopsis); Xu, 2003: 311 (China Oligomyrmex species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 151 (Taiwan species key); Bharti & Kumar, 2013b PDF: 61 (India species key); Terayama et al., 2012 PDF: 5 (Taiwan species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013b 10.3897/zookeys.357.5946 PDF: 70 (Arabian Peninsula species key); Fischer et al., 2014 PDF: 57 (diagnosis; polita group revision, species key); Bharti & Akbar, 2014b PDF: 321 (India species key); Fischer et al., 2015 10.3897/zookeys.525.6057 PDF: 77 (Africa phragmotica group revision, specia key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 193 (brief male diagnosis); Azorsa & Fisher, 2018 10.3897/zookeys.767.21105 PDF: 15 (Malagasy species key); Akbar & Bharti, 2017 PDF: 36 (India species key); Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 820 (Colombia species key)

Taxon Page Images:

Carebara brevipilosa Unión Toachi, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Image © Alex Wild.


Carebara queen from western ghats kerala

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
    Europe: Albania, Greece, Russia
    Oceania: Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Carebara   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 31, (download) 31 21367
Carebara   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 178, (download) 178 8127
Carebara   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 168-172, (download) 168-172 20597

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