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Genus: Acromyrmex   Mayr, 1865 


Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

33 species, 29 subspecies

Acromyrmex Mayr, 1865 PDF: 83 [as subgenus of Atta]. Type-species: Formica hystrix, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Acromyrmex in Myrmicinae, Attini: Emery, 1895l PDF: 770; Emery, 1913c PDF: 251; Emery, 1914e: 42; Forel, 1917 PDF: 247; Wheeler, 1922: 669; Emery, 1924f: 347; all subsequent authors.
Acromyrmex as genus: Emery, 1913c PDF: 251; Forel, 1917 PDF: 247; Emery, 1924f: 347; Santschi, 1925a PDF: 355; all subsequent authors.
Genus Acromyrmex references
Forel, 1885a PDF: 361 (all species key); Emery, 1905f: 40 (all species key); Gallardo, 1916e PDF: 325 (Argentina species key); Emery, 1924f: 347 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f: 350 (Acromyrmex (Moellerius) diagnosis, catalogue); Santschi, 1925a PDF: 388 (all species revision, key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 326 (North America species key); Kusnezov, 1956a PDF: 33 (Argentina species key); Gonçalves, 1961 PDF: 118 (Brazil species revision, key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 10 (Neotropical catalogue); Alayo, 1974: 42 (Cuba checklist); Zolessi & Abenante, 1977: 73 (Uruguay species, male genitalia); Smith, 1979: 1412 (North America catalogue); Fowler, 1988b: 284 (Acromyrmex (Moellerius) species key); Cherrett & Cherrett, 1989: 1 (bibliography); Bolton, 1994: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1047 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 54 (catalogue); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 183 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Acromyrmex coronatus, cutting through a leaf. Panamá.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Nearctic, Neotropical bioregions (based on species list records).

Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela

Notes:

These leaf-cutting ants are represented in California by a single species, Acromyrmex versicolor
(Pergande), confined to the southern deserts. The harvested leaves are used to culture
a basidiomycete fungus, which is the principal food of the ants. References: Gamboa
(1975, 1976), Johnson and Rissing (1993), Julian and Fewell (2004), Mueller et al. (2001),
Reichardt and Wheeler (1996), Rissing et al. (1986, 1989), Snelling and George (1979),
Weber (1972).
(From Ward, 2005).

References:

Ward, P.S. (2005). A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa, 936: 1-68.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Acromyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 30, (download) 30 21367
Acromyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 30, (download) 30 21367
Acromyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 30, (download) 30 21367
Acromyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 30, (download) 30 21367
Acromyrmex   Neal A. Weber, University of North Dakota, 1936, The biology of the fungus-growing ants. Part. I. New forms. 1, Revista de Entomologia 7, pp. 378-409: 407-408, (download) 407-408 3011
Acromyrmex   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 31, (download) 31 21008


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