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Subfamily: Myrmeciinae   Emery, 1877 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 2 tribes, 2 genera, 94 species

Fossil: 5 genera, 15 species

Myrmeciidae Emery, 1877b PDF: 71. Type-genus: Myrmecia. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Myrmeciinae as group of Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 71 [Myrmeciidae].
Myrmeciinae as subfamily of Poneridae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 382.
Myrmeciinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Clark, 1951 PDF: 17; Brown, 1954e PDF: 22; all subsequent authors.
Myrmeciinae as myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 29, 132.
Myrmeciinae as formicoid myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007C PDF: 556.
Tribes of Myrmeciinae: Myrmeciini, Prionomyrmecini.
Genera (extinct) incertae sedis in Myrmeciinae: Archimyrmex, Avitomyrmex, Macabeemyrma, Ypresiomyrma.
Collective group name in Myrmeciinae: Myrmeciites.
Subfamily and tribe Myrmeciini references
Smith, F. 1858b: 143 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b: 22 (catalogue); Mayr, 1862: 723 (all species key); Mayr,1863: 429 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 18 (diagnosis); Fore!, 1893a: 162 (diagnosis); Dalla Torre, 1893: 19(catalogue); Emery, 1895e: 766 (diagnosis); Wheeler, W.M. 1910d: 134 (diagnosis); Emery, 1911b: 17(diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Forel, 1917: 235 (synoptic classification); Clark, 1943: 85 (Promyrmecia species key); Clark, 1951: 21, 119 (Myrmecia, Promymwcia species revisions, keys); Brown,1953e: 1 (revisionary notes); Brown, 1954b: 22 (diagnosis, phylogeny); Eisner, 1957: 449 (proventriculus morphology); Brown, 1958c: 10 (New Zealand); Gotwald, 1969: 113 (mouthparts morphology); Wheeler,G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1972: 38 (diagnosis); Brown, 1973b: 165 (genera, distribution); Wheeler, G.C. &Wheeler, J. 1976: 46 (larvae, review & synthesis); Greenslade, 1979: 11 (South Australia, review); Kugler,C. 1980: 263 (sting structure); Taylor & Brown, D.R. 1985: 6 (Australia catalogue); Wheeler, G.C. &Wheeler, J. 1985: 256 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1986: 170 (Dufour's gland); Taylor, 1987a: 41(Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklists); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1988: 27 (comparison of genera); Billen, 1990: 133 (sting bulb gland); Ogata, 1991a:353 (species groups review, phylogeny); Ogata & Taylor, 1991 PDF : 1623 (all species review, key); Brandao,1991: 390 (Neotropical *fauna, synoptic classification); Baroni Urbani, Bolton & Ward, 1992: 317(phylogeny); Bolton, 1994: 73 (diagnosis, synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1050 (census); Bolton,1995b: 270 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1999: 119 (Australia, synopsis); Baroni Urbani, 2000: 480 (phylogeny);Ward & Brady, 2003 (phylogeny, classification); Boudinot, 2015 PDF: 49 (subfamily male diagnosis); Taylor, 2015 PDF: 497 (diagnosis, key to Myrmecia pilosula species complex); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 180 (brief male diagnosis)


Australasia Region: Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Australian Capital Territory, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand, Northern Territory, Oceania, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Nearctic Region: Colorado, North America, United States, Wyoming
Neotropical Region: Americas, Argentina, Neuquén, Río Negro, South America
Oceania Region: Melanesia
Palearctic Region: Eastern Europe, Europe, Germany, Hesse, Kaliningrad, Rhineland-Palatinate, Russia, Western Europe

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