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Species: Polyrhachis (Myrma) illaudata   Walker, 1859 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Polyrhachis illaudata intermedia, Polyrhachis illaudata pauperata, Polyrhachis illaudata proximomayri

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Polyrhachis illaudatus Walker, 1859 PDF: 373 (w.) Holotype is a worker, not a male: Donisthorpe, 1932b PDF: 576. SRI LANKA. Indomalaya. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Status as species: Motschoulsky, 1863: 15; Smith, 1871a PDF: 318; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 263; Emery, 1896j PDF: 382 (in list); Emery, 1925d PDF: 209; Donisthorpe, 1932b PDF: 576; Donisthorpe, 1942d: 460; Donisthorpe, 1943b PDF: 208; Donisthorpe, 1943e PDF: 469; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 271; Baltazar, 1966 PDF: 276; Bolton, 1974b PDF: 176; Wang & Wu, 1991 PDF: 597 (in key); Wu & Wang, 1992c PDF: 1316; Bolton, 1995b: 350; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 167; Dorow, 1995 PDF: 34; Zhou & Zheng, 1997 PDF: 274 (in key); Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 76; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 362; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 197; Lin & Wu, 2003: 61; Karmaly, 2004 PDF: 546 (in key); Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 39; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 219; Mohanraj et al., 2010 PDF: 7; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 42; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 36; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 31; Jaitrong et al., 2016 PDF: 32; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 52; Wong & Guénard, 2021 10.20362/am.013001 PDF: 32 (redescription).

Taxon Page Images:

Polyrhachis illaudata returning to nest in a rotten wood with kill. Kerala, Western Ghats India. 1000m. Dr Kalesh Sadasivan 2015

// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Sri Lanka, India, Philippines

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in Young secondary rain forest, 2 times found in Botanical garden, 1 times found in rain forest, 1 times found in secondary rain forest, 1 times found in forest, 1 times found in nr. summit, 1 times found in primary rain forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times low vegetation, 1 times in epiphyte.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times hand collected, 6 times Hand collection, 2 times at bait>hand collected, 1 times Random coll. Winkler sifting.

Elevations: collected from 60 - 940 meters, 474 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1935-06-15 and 2013-12-24

Type specimens: Holotype of Polyrhachis illaudata: casent0903443; Holotype of Polyrhachis duodentata: casent0903444; Holotype of Polyrhachis latispinosa: casent0903445



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