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Genus: Polyergus   Latreille, 1804 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 14 valid species

Polyergus Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica rufescens, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Polyergus in Camponotinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 367 [Camponotidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 214.
Polyergus in Camponotinae, Camponotini: Forel, 1886h PDF: 200.
Polyergus in Formicinae, Formicini: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 41; Wheeler, 1922: 699; Emery, 1925d PDF: 267; all subsequent authors except the following.
Genus Polyergus references
Mayr, 1855 PDF: 383 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b PDF: 12 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 443 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 8 (diagnosis); Forel, 1878c PDF: 373 (diagnosis); André, 1882c PDF: 162 (Europe & Algeria species); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 255 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 214 (catalogue); Emery, 1925d PDF: 267 (diagnosis, catalogue); Buren, 1944a PDF: 310 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Smith, 1947g PDF: 152 (U.S.A. species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 556 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 203 (Asia checklist); Gregg, 1963: 632 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 274 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 329 (diagnosis); Wheeler, 1968 PDF: 156 (Nearctic species, male genitalia); Smith, 1979: 1466 (North America catalogue); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 95 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 207 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Agosti, 1994b PDF: 109 (diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1994: 50 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 342 (catalogue); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 361 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 359 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 129 (synopsis); Trager, 2013 PDF (global revision, diagnosis, key to species, natural history); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 169 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

A queen Polyergus mexicanus with a host Formica argentea worker. Sagehen Creek, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, Mexico, United States
    Asia: Armenia, China, Georgia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Turkey
    Europe: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Polyergus   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 103, (download) 103 4764
Polyergus   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 155, (download) 155 6175
Polyergus   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 30, (download) 30 21008

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