Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.81. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Camponotus (Myrmobrachys) brevis   Forel, 1899 

Download Data

Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Camponotus brevis Forel, 1899i PDF: 140, pl. 4, fig. 20 (s.w.q.m.) PANAMA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: syntype major and minor workers, syntype queens, syntype males (numbers not stated). Primary type locality: Panama: Tolé (Champion) (by restriction of Kempf, 1972b PDF: 50). Primary type depository: MHNG. Type notes: Other original syntype locality: Colombia: Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, nr San Antonio (A. Forel). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Camponotus brevis Emery, 1896a PDF: 1. Nomen nudum (attributed to Forel).]
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Mexico, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica to Colombia. Costa Rica: throughout the country below 500m elevation.


Natural History:

This species is one of the most common in lowland Costa Rica. It is very abundant in the Pacific lowlands and the southern Atlantic lowlands (e.g. Hitoy Cerere Biological Reserve) but is relatively less abundant in the northern Atlantic lowlands (e.g. La Selva Biological Station and vicinity). It prefers low, scrubby vegetation and is rarely found in mature forest. Workers are diurnal. Nests are almost always in small dead stems that are in low vegetation or even on the ground in open areas. The exception was one nest I observed in a live internode of a Cecropia sapling at a pasture edge. The habitat preference of C. brevis is revealed at La Selva Biological Station, where it has been collected once by manual search at ground level in a disturbed area, and once in a Malaise trap, yet has not occurred in 52 canopy fogging samples.

In Corcovado, I observed a nest in a dead Cassia stem that was immediately adjacent to a large carton nest of an Azteca colony. Thus the species is not excluded by Azteca, and may even benefit by nesting near them. It would be worth investigating whether they share foraging trails with Azteca.


Forel, A. 1899. Biologia Centrali-Americana; or, contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Insecta. Hymenoptera. 3 (Formicidae). London. 169 pp.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in rainforest edge, 3 times found in roadside vegetation, 2 times found in GLASNOST plot, SCH, La Selva, 7 times found in rainforest, 2 times found in 2nd growth rainforest, 1 times found in montane wet forest edge, 1 times found in cloud forest, 3 times found in scrubby riparian forest, 1 times found in low 2nd growth vegetation, 3 times found in lowland rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 14 times on low vegetation, 2 times in dead stem, 1 times Witheringia asterotricha stem, 5 times general collecting, 1 times ex dead branches, 4 times beating veg., 1 times nest in dead branch, 1 times ex dead twig of Asteraceae, 2 times ex dead twig, 1 times Sweep sample of roadside vegetation., 2 times SCH, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 15 times search, 5 times Malaise, 6 times beating low vegetation, 4 times beating, 3 times beating vegetation (3 hours), 1 times sweep, 1 times beating vegetation (1 hour), 2 times Sweeping, 2 times Winkler48h, 1 times beating vegetation (3 hour period), 2 times flight intercept trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1195 meters, 357 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1980-12-31 00:00:00.0 and 2020-09-15 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Lectotype of Camponotus brevis: casent0910689; paralectotype of Camponotus brevis: casent0910690; syntype of Camponotus brevis: casent0903623, casent0903624

See something amiss? Send us an email.