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Genus: Plagiolepis   Mayr, 1861 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 63 valid species, 13 valid subspecies

Fossil: 10 valid species

Plagiolepis Mayr, 1861 PDF: 42. Type-species: Formica pygmaea, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Plagiolepis in Camponotinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 378 [Camponotidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 453 [Camponotidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 172.
Plagiolepis in Formicinae, Plagiolepidini: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 18; Wheeler, 1922: 696; Emery, 1925d PDF: 19; Santschi, 1926a PDF: 14; all subsequent authors except the one below; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 23, 105.
Genus Plagiolepis references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 11 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 442 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 7 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 73 (diagnosis); Forel, 1878c PDF: 376, 378 (Rhopalomyrmex, Plagiolepis diagnoses); André, 1882c PDF: 208 (Europe & Algeria species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 172, 175 (Plagiolepis, Rhopalomyrmex, catalogue); Forel, 1894c PDF: 414 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 320 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Arnold, 1920a PDF: 578 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Arnold, 1922 PDF: 579 (South Africa species key); Wheeler, 1922: 211, 696, 928, 1035 (diagnosis, subgenera key, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Emery, 1925d PDF: 19 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1925d PDF: 22 (Plagiolepis (Anacantholepis) diagnosis, catalogue); Stitz, 1939: 231 (Germany species key); Kratochvíl, 1941b PDF: 98 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 98 (Central Europe species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 212, 213 (Asia Anacantholepis, Plagiolepis checklists); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 272 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 205 (Neotropical catalogue); Kutter, 1977c: 185 (Switzerland species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 89 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1422 (North America, catalogue); Gösswald, 1985: 264 (Germany species key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 297 (Saudi Arabia species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 130 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 55 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 280 (Balkans species key); Radchenko, 1989c PDF: 153 (European former U.S.S.R. species key); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 161 (Turkmenistan species key); Morisita et al., 1991: 16 (Japan species key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 201 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 78 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1994: 51 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 334 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 130 (China species key); Radchenko, 1996d: 178 (Central & Southern Palaearctic species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 362 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996b: 178 (Central Europe species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 22 (Portugal species key); Shattuck, 1999: 106 (Australia synopsis); Seifert, 2007: 158 (North and Central Europe species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 213 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 106 (south-western Australia species key); Dlussky, 2010a PDF: 72 (Eocene European amber species key); Sharaf et al., 2011 PDF: 208 (Arabian Peninsula species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 169 (brief male diagnosis); Salata et al., 2018 10.3161/00034541ANZ2018.68.4.005 PDF: 819 (north-eastern Mediterranean species key); Seifert, 2020b 10.3897/dez.67.53199 PDF (revision of the Plagiolepis schmitzii group); Borowiec & Salata, 2022 PDF: 245 (diagnosis, key to Greece species).

Taxon Page Images:


Plagiolepis jerdoni (Forel, 1894) tends to mealy bugs on her underground champer

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Canary Islands, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Gabon, Grande Glorieuse, Ivory Coast, Juan de Nova Island, Kenya, Lesotho, Macaronesia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Morocco, Mozambique, Reunion, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Seychelles, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Barbados, Bermuda, Grenada, United States
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam, Yemen
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Hawaii, New Caledonia, Niue, Norfolk Island, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Oceania, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Plagiolepis   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 770, (download) 770 4445
Plagiolepis   Santschi, F., 1926, Trois notes myrmécologiques., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 95, pp. 13-28: 13, (download) 13 3616
Plagiolepis   Santschi, F., 1926, Trois notes myrmécologiques., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 95, pp. 13-28: 14, (download) 14 3616
Plagiolepis   Santschi, F., 1926, Trois notes myrmécologiques., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 95, pp. 13-28: 14, (download) 14 3616
Plagiolepis   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 30, (download) 30 21008
Plagiolepis   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 47, (download) 47 21622
Plagiolepis   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 110, (download) 110 6175
Plagiolepis   Forel, A., 1892, Hymenopteres 2 (supplement au 28 fascicule). Les Formicides., Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar. 20., Paris: Unknown Publisher, pp. 232-280: 241, (download) 241 8239
Plagiolepis   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 210-212, (download) 210-212 20597

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