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Genus: Tapinoma   Foerster, 1850 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 70 valid species, 22 valid subspecies

Fossil: 6 valid species

Tapinoma Foerster, 1850a: 43. Type-species: Tapinoma collina, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Tapinoma in Dolichoderinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 385 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 454 [Dolichoderidae]; Forel, 1895b PDF: 109 [Dolichoderidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 164; Emery, 1895l PDF: 771; Forel, 1899f PDF: 101; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 142.
Tapinoma in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Tapinoma in Dolichoderinae, Tapinomini: Emery, 1913a PDF: 38; Arnold, 1915: 152; Forel, 1917 PDF: 248; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 89; Wheeler, 1922: 690; subsequent authors except those below; then Jaffe, 1993: 9; Dubovikoff, 2005a PDF: 91 (implied); Ward et al., 2010 PDF: 361.
Genus Tapinoma references
Mayr, 1855 PDF: 372 (diagnosis); Smith, 1858a PDF: 55 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b PDF: 13, 14 (Tapinoma, Micromyrma catalogues); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 455 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 10 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 78 (diagnosis); André, 1882c PDF: 222 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 164 (catalogue); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 304 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 38 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1913a PDF: 44 (Semonius diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 152, 157 (diagnosis, South Africa species key, Semonius diagnosis); Wheeler, 1922: 695 (Pseudaphomomyrmex diagnosis, in key); Wheeler, 1922: 923, 927 (Afrotropical Tapinoma, Semonius catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1034 (Malagasy catalogue); Emery, 1925b PDF: 63 (Palaearctic species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927d PDF: 33 (Turkestan species key); Smith, 1928a PDF: 311 (North America species key); Kratochvíl et al., 1944 PDF: 79 (Czechoslovakia species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 352 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 192, 196 (Asia Semonius, Tapinoma, Zatapinoma checklists); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 254 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Boven, 1970b: 24 (Netherlands species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 246 (Neotropical catalogue); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 118 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Kutter, 1977c: 178 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 547 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 87 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1421 (North America catalogue); Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 421 (Malta species key); Gösswald, 1985: 317 (Germany species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 106 (Australia catalogue); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 279 (Balkans species key); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 77 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklist); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 168 (Turkmenistan species key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 380 (Neotropical catalogue); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 146 (diagnosis, review of genus); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 72 (Armenia species key); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 140 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1053 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 399 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 116 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 360 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996b: 165 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996: 40 (Britain species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 20 (Portugal species key); Shattuck, 1999: 81 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 151 (China, Guangxi species key); Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 135 (Poland species key); Seifert, 2007: 149 (North and Central Europe species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 58 (south-western Australia species key); Yoshimura & Fisher, 2011 PDF: 13 (Malagasy males); Seifert, 2012a PDF: 146 (Central Europe species key); Sharaf et al., 2012a 10.3897/zookeys.212.3325 PDF: 40 (Saudi Arabia species key); Czechowski et al., 2012: 357 (Poland species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 37 (Fiji species key); Bharti et al., 2013 PDF: 304 (Tapinoma lugubre species-group key);Seifert et al., 2017 PDF: 123 (Tapinoma nigerrimum complex revision, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 123 (brief male diagnosis); Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 716 (Colombia species key); Guerrero, 2021 10.11646/zootaxa.4920.3.8 PDF: 429 (morphological traits of Neotropical Tapinoma versus Neotropical Forelius); Al-Keridis et al., 2021 10.4001/003.029.0233 PDF: 234 (queen-based key to species of the Arabian Peninsula)

Taxon Page Images:

Tapinoma melanocephalum, the ghost ant, is a house pest in warmer climates around the world. Maquipucuna reserve, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Europa Island, Gabon, Ghana, Grande Glorieuse, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Juan de Nova Island, Kenya, Macaronesia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Mayotte, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Reunion, Saint Helena, Senegal, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Krakatau Islands, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nicobar Island, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Åland Islands
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Niue, Norfolk Island, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tapinoma   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 25, (download) 25 21367
Tapinoma   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 42, (download) 42 21622
Tapinoma   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 101, (download) 101 6734
Tapinoma   Fisher, B. L. & Bolton, B., 2007, The ant genus Pseudaphomomyrmex Wheeler, 1920 a junior synonym of Tapinoma Foerster, 1850., Zootaxa 1427, pp. 65-68: 65-66, (download) 65-66 21200
Tapinoma   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 27, (download) 27 21008
Tapinoma   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 34-35, (download) 34-35 6175
Tapinoma   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher, pp. -1--1: 43, (download) 43 8138
Tapinoma   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 207-208, (download) 207-208 20597

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