Georegion: Asia
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.60. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Genus: Iridomyrmex   Mayr, 1862 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 79 valid species, 1 valid subspecies

Fossil: 5 valid species

Iridomyrmex Mayr, 1862 PDF: 653 (diagnosis in key), 702. Type-species: Formica detecta, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 297. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Iridomyrmex in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Iridomyrmex in Dolichoderinae, Tapinomini: Emery, 1913a PDF: 21; Wheeler, 1915i PDF: 86; Arnold, 1915: 145; Forel, 1917 PDF: 248; Wheeler, 1922: 689; Carpenter, 1930 PDF: 50; all subsequent authors; Jaffe, 1993: 9 (anachronism).
Genus Iridomyrmex references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 13 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 424 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 10 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 76 (diagnosis); Forel, 1878c PDF: 381 (diagnosis); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 257 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 168 (catalogue); Forel, 1895f PDF: 467 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 298 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 21 (diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 145 (diagnosis); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 341 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 188 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 250 (diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 124 (Neotropical catalogue); Smith, 1979: 1417 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 96 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 30 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklist); Shattuck, 1992a PDF: 14 (diagnosis); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 101 (diagnosis, review of genus); Shattuck, 1993a PDF: 118 (Iridomyrmex purpureus group, key); Shattuck, 1993b PDF: 1306 (Iridomyrmex calvus group, key); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 99 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 217 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1996a PDF: 37 (Iridomyrmex discors group); Shattuck & McMillan, 1998 PDF: 303 (Iridomyrmex conifer group, key); Shattuck, 1999: 72 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 48 (south-western Australia species key); Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 22 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 118 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

The scientific name of Australian meat ants is Iridomyrmex, or "rainbow ants", referring to their blue-green iridescent sheen. (I. purpureus). Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
    Asia: China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Timor-Leste, United Arab Emirates
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Oceania

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Iridomyrmex   Forel, A., 1912, H. Sauter's Formosa-Ausbeute: Formicidae (Hym.)., Entomologische Mitteilungen 1, pp. 45-81: 81, (download) 81 4035
Iridomyrmex   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 33, (download) 33 6175
Iridomyrmex n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 702, (download) 702 4445

See something amiss? Send us an email.