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Genus: Iridomyrmex   Mayr, 1862 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 79 valid species

Iridomyrmex Mayr, 1862 PDF: 653 (diagnosis in key), 702. Type-species: Formica detecta, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 297. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Iridomyrmex in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Iridomyrmex in Dolichoderinae, Tapinomini: Emery, 1913a PDF: 21; Wheeler, 1915i PDF: 86; Arnold, 1915: 145; Forel, 1917 PDF: 248; Wheeler, 1922: 689; Carpenter, 1930 PDF: 50; all subsequent authors; Jaffe, 1993: 9 (anachronism).
Genus Iridomyrmex references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 13 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 424 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 10 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 76 (diagnosis); Forel, 1878c PDF: 381 (diagnosis); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 257 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 168 (catalogue); Forel, 1895f PDF: 467 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 298 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 21 (diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 145 (diagnosis); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 341 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 188 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 250 (diagnosis); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 124 (Neotropical catalogue); Smith, 1979: 1417 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 96 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 30 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklist); Shattuck, 1992a PDF: 14 (diagnosis); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 101 (diagnosis, review of genus); Shattuck, 1993a PDF: 118 (Iridomyrmex purpureus group, key); Shattuck, 1993b PDF: 1306 (Iridomyrmex calvus group, key); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 99 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 217 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1996a PDF: 37 (Iridomyrmex discors group); Shattuck & McMillan, 1998 PDF: 303 (Iridomyrmex conifer group, key); Shattuck, 1999: 72 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 48 (south-western Australia species key); Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 22 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 118 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

The scientific name of Australian meat ants is Iridomyrmex, or "rainbow ants", referring to their blue-green iridescent sheen. (I. purpureus). Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Oceania

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Iridomyrmex   Forel, A., 1912, H. Sauter's Formosa-Ausbeute: Formicidae (Hym.)., Entomologische Mitteilungen 1, pp. 45-81: 81, (download) 81 4035
Iridomyrmex   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 33, (download) 33 6175
Iridomyrmex n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 702, (download) 702 4445

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