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Genus: Dolichoderus   Lund, 1831 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 131 valid species, 19 valid subspecies

Fossil: 50 valid species

Dolichoderus Lund, 1831a PDF: 130. Type-species: Formica attelaboides, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Dolichoderus in Dolichoderidae}: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Dolichoderus as genus: all authors.
Dolichoderus as senior synonym of Karawajewella: Brown, 1973b PDF: 181 [provisional]; Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 66; Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 39, 40; Bolton, 1994: 26; Bolton, 1995b: 27; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 85.
Genus Dolichoderus catalogues
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 407, 423 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea); Roger, 1863b PDF: 10, 14, 15 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea, Monacis); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 455 (Europe); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A.); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 156; Emery, 1913a PDF: 9, 10 (Dolichoderus (Monacis), Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea)); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 181 (Asia); Smith, 1951c PDF: 833 (North America); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 98, 118, 141 (Neotropical Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea, Monacis); Smith, 1979: 1415 (North America); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 93 (Australia); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 24 (Australia, New Caledonia); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 340, 347, 356 (Neotropical); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 39; Bolton, 1995b: 172.
Genus Dolichoderus references
Mayr, 1865 PDF: 9 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 75 (Hypoclinea diagnosis); Mayr, 1868c PDF: 54 (Baltic Amber species key); Mayr, 1870b PDF: 955 (Hypoclinea species key); Mayr, 1876 PDF: 79 (Australia species key); André, 1882c PDF: 225 (Europe, Algeria species); Mayr, 1886d PDF: 435 (U.S.A. species key); Forel, 1895f PDF: 462 (India, Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 292 (India, Sri Lanka, Burma species key); Wheeler, 1905g PDF: 306 (North America species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 7 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Mann, 1916 PDF: 460 (Brazil Dolichoderus (Dolichoderus) species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 210 (Italy species); Wheeler, 1922: 688 (subgenera key); Clark, 1930b PDF: 253 (Australia Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 333 (Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) Nearctic species key); Kempf, 1959c PDF: 230 (Monacis all species revision, key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 149 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 249 (diagnosis); Kempf, 1969 PDF: 292 (Dolichoderus (Dolichoderus) Neotropical species key); Kempf, 1972g PDF: 253 (Monacis species, additions to Kempf, 1959c PDF key); Harada, 1987 PDF: 602 (Monacis all species key); Lattke, 1987b PDF: 263 (Neotropical Dolichoderus bispinosus group, key); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 (synoptic classification); Johnson, 1989a PDF: 5 (U.S.A. species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 17 (synoptic classification); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 66 (diagnosis, review of genus); MacKay, 1993b PDF: 17 (New World all species revision, key); Radchenko, 1994b: 112 (South Siberia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1049 (census); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 120 (China species key); Xu, 1995a PDF: 34 (China species key); Dlussky, 1997a PDF: 52 (in Baltic amber genera key); Shattuck, 1999: 68 (Australia synopsis); Xu, 2001b PDF: 356 (China species key); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 153 (China, Guangxi species key); Dill, 2002 PDF: 21, 30 (southeast Asia species groups key, Dolichoderus cuspidatus group revision, key); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 PDF: 416 (diagnosis for impression fossils); Dlussky, 2002a PDF: 54 (Baltic, Rovno amber species); Dlussky, 2008c PDF: 509 (Europe Eocene amber species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 45 (south-western Australia species key); Ward et al., 2010 PDF: 361 (phylogeny); Ortiz & Fernández, 2011 PDF: 24 (Colombia species key); Ortega-De Santiago & Vásquez-Bolaños, 2012 PDF: 1008 (Mexico species key); Shattuck & Marsden, 2013 PDF: 105 (Australia all species revision, key); Dlussky & Perfilieva, 2014 PDF: 412 (rock fossil diagnosis); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 132 (genus in Brazil); Dlussky et al., 2015 PDF: 134 (diagnosis for fossil imprints); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 114 (brief male diagnosis); Dubovikoff & Coronado-Blanco, 2018 10.1134/S001387381709010X PDF: 1330 (Mexico species key); Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 697 (Colombia species key); Heterick, 2021 10.18195/issn.0313-122x.86.2021.001-245 PDF: 38 (Western Australia species key); Barabag & Jaitrong, 2022 10.13102/sociobiology.v69il.6247 PDF: 5 (Dolichoderus thoracicus group Thailand species, key); Barabag & Jaitrong, 2022 10.13102/sociobiology.v69il.6247 PDF: 2 (list of Southeast Asian Dolichoderus thoracicus species group taxa), 3 (Dolichoderus thoracicus species group diagnosis), 5 (key to Thailand Dolichoderus thoracicus species group species); Borowiec & Salata, 2022 PDF: 36 (diagnosis).

Taxon Page Images:

Her nest disturbed by the photographer, a Dolichoderus attelaboides worker stands guard. Morretes, Paraná, Brazil.
Image © Alex Wild.


Dolichoderus taprobanae queen and workers from Westernghats kerala // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Nigeria
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
    Oceania: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Brown, W. L., 1950, Morphological, taxonomic and other notes on ants., Wasmann Journal of Biology 8, pp. 241-250

DolichoderusHNS Lund.

This genus has been accepted as containing several subgenera but it appears that generic rank is indicated for certain of these. In the New World, at least, DolichoderusHNS, MonacisHNS, and HypoclineaHNS appear distinct as good genera. The Indo-Australian forms probably can be split into several good genera along approximately the present subgeneric lines. The best provisional treatment would be that of according generic rank to all present subgenera. DolichoderusHNS (s. str.) appears the most distinct of all these groups and possibly the most primitive. Specialists in the Indo-Australian fauna can best decide for the present what the status of their part of the fauna is to be, but it does not seem logical to involve any of the Old World forms with any group occurring in the New World except HypoclineaHNS.

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