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Genus: Dolichoderus   Lund, 1831 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 131 valid species, 19 valid subspecies

Fossil: 49 valid species

Dolichoderus Lund, 1831a PDF: 130. Type-species: Formica attelaboides, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Dolichoderus in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Dolichoderus in Dolichoderinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 386 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 455 [Dolichoderidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 156; Forel, 1895b PDF: 107 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery, 1895l PDF: 771; Forel, 1895f PDF: 462; Forel, 1899f PDF: 98; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 142.
Genus Dolichoderus references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 10, 14, 15 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea, Monacis catalogues); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 407, 423 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea catalogues); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 9 (Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 75 (Hypoclinea diagnosis); Mayr, 1868c PDF: 54 (*Baltic Amber species key); Mayr, 1870b PDF: 955 (Hypoclinea species key); Mayr, 1876 PDF: 79 (Australia species key); André, 1882c PDF: 225 (Europe & Algeria species); Mayr, 1886d PDF: 435 (U.S.A. species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 156 (catalogue); Forel, 1895f PDF: 462 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 292 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Wheeler, 1905g PDF: 306 (North America species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 7 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1913a PDF: 9, 10 (Dolichoderus (Monacis), Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea), catalogues); Mann, 1916 PDF: 460 (Brazil Dolichoderus (Dolichoderus) species key); Wheeler, 1922: 688 (subgenera key); Clark, 1930b PDF: 253 (Australia Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 333 (North America Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 181 (Asia checklist); Kempf, 1959c: 230 (Monacis, all species revision, key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 149 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 249 (diagnosis); Kempf, 1969 PDF: 292 (Neotropical Dolichoderus (Dolichoderus) species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 98, 118, 141 (Neotropical Dolichoderus, Hypoclinea, Monacis, catalogues); Kempf, 1972g PDF: 253 (Monacis species, additions to 1959a key); Smith, 1979: 1415 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 93 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 24 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Harada, 1987 PDF: 602 (Monacis species key); Lattke, 1987b PDF: 263 (Neotropical Dolichoderus bispinosus group, key); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 (synoptic classification); Johnson, 1989a PDF: 5 (U.S.A. species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 17 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 340, 347, 356 (Neotropical catalogue); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 66 (diagnosis, review of genus); MacKay, 1993b PDF: 17 (New World, all species revision, key); Radchenko, 1994b: 112 (South Siberia species key); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 39 (catalogue); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1049 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 172 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 120 (China species key); Xu, 1995a PDF: 34 (China species key); Shattuck, 1999: 68 (Australia synopsis); Xu, 2001b PDF: 356 (China species key); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 153 (China, Guangxi species key); Dill, 2002 PDF: 21, 30 (southeast Asia species groups key, Dolichoderus cuspidatus group revision, key); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 PDF: 416 (diagnosis for impression fossils); Dlussky, 2002a PDF: 54 (Baltic & Rovno amber species); Dlussky, 2008c PDF: 509 (Europe Eocene amber species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 45 (south-western Australia species key); Ortiz & Fernández, 2011 PDF: 24 (Colombia species key); Ortega-De Santiago & Vásquez-Bolaños, 2012 PDF: 1008 (Mexico species key); Shattuck & Marsden, 2013 PDF: 104 (diagnosis, Australia species key, revision); Dlussky et al., 2015 PDF: 134 (diagnosis for fossil imprints); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 114 (brief male diagnosis); Dubovikoff & Coronado-Blanco, 2018 10.1134/S001387381709010X PDF: 1330 (Mexico species key, w.); Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 697 (Colombia species key); Barabag & Jaitrong, 2022 10.13102/sociobiology.v69il.6247 PDF: 2 (list of Southeast Asian Dolichoderus thoracicus species group taxa), 3 (Dolichoderus thoracicus species group diagnosis), 5 (key to Thailand Dolichoderus thoracicus species group species).

Taxon Page Images:

Her nest disturbed by the photographer, a Dolichoderus attelaboides worker stands guard. Morretes, Paraná, Brazil.
Image © Alex Wild.


Dolichoderus taprobanae queen and workers from Westernghats kerala // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Nigeria
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
    Oceania: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Brown, W. L., 1950, Morphological, taxonomic and other notes on ants., Wasmann Journal of Biology 8, pp. 241-250

DolichoderusHNS Lund.

This genus has been accepted as containing several subgenera but it appears that generic rank is indicated for certain of these. In the New World, at least, DolichoderusHNS, MonacisHNS, and HypoclineaHNS appear distinct as good genera. The Indo-Australian forms probably can be split into several good genera along approximately the present subgeneric lines. The best provisional treatment would be that of according generic rank to all present subgenera. DolichoderusHNS (s. str.) appears the most distinct of all these groups and possibly the most primitive. Specialists in the Indo-Australian fauna can best decide for the present what the status of their part of the fauna is to be, but it does not seem logical to involve any of the Old World forms with any group occurring in the New World except HypoclineaHNS.

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