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Genus: Bothriomyrmex   Emery, 1869 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 23 valid species, 4 valid subspecies

Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869c PDF: 117. Type-species: Bothriomyrmex costae, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Bothriomyrmex in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384 [Dolichoderidae].
Bothriomyrmex in Dolichoderinae: Forel, 1878c PDF: 380 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 454 [Dolichoderidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 170 [Dolichoderidae]; Emery, 1895l PDF: 771; Forel, 1895f PDF: 469; Emery, 1896e PDF: 186; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 142.
Bothriomyrmex as genus: all authors.
Genus Bothriomyrmex catalogues
Genus Bothriomyrmex references
Forel, 1878c PDF: 380 (diagnosis); André, 1882c PDF: 218 (Europe, Algeria species); Forel, 1895f PDF: 469 (India, Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 305 (India, Sri Lanka, Burma species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 27 (diagnosis); Emery, 1916a PDF: 213 (Italy species); Wheeler, 1922: 690 (subgenera key); Emery, 1925c PDF: 5 (European and Oriental species); Kratochvíl, 1941b PDF: 96 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 96 (Central Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 260 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kutter, 1977c: 175 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 548 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 87 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Gösswald, 1985: 316 (Germany species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 279 (Balkans species key); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 54 (diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 (census); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 119 (China species key); Seifert, 1996b: 163 (Central Europe species key); Shattuck, 1999: 66 (Australia synopsis); Seifert, 2007: 148 (North and Central Europe species key); Seifert, 2012b PDF: 103 (West European species key); Prebus & Lubertazzi, 2016 10.5852/ejt.2016.211 PDF: 1 (Neotropical species key); Radchenko, 2016: 99 (Ukraine species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 113 (brief male diagnosis); Borowiec & Salata, 2022 PDF: 33 (diagnosis, key to Greece species).
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    Americas: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras
    Asia: Armenia, China, Georgia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    Europe: Albania, Austria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Montenegro, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Indomalaya, Neotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Dubovikov, D. A. & Longino, J. T., 2004, A new species of the genus Bothriomyrmex Emery, 1869 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Dolichoderinae) from Costa Rica., Zootaxa 776, pp. 1-10

[[ Genus BothriomyrmexHNS]]

The genus BothriomyrmexHNS is currently composed of 33 species, all of which are known only from the Old World: southern Europe, northern Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia (Santschi 1919, Emery 1925, Shattuck 1992). Little is known of the biology of BothriomyrmexHNS in general, but several species are known to be temporary social parasites, using colonies of TapinomaHNS to establish their own colonies (Santschi 1906, Wheeler 1910). Lloyd et al. (1986) found that the pygidial glands of B. syriusHNS queens and the Tapinoma simrothiHNS host workers contained the same ketone, and they suggested that this aids the queen in gaining access to the TapinomaHNS colony. All the known species have diminutive queens, so temporary social parasitism could be the mode of colony founding for the whole genus.

The species of BothriomyrmexHNS may be divided into BothriomyrmexHNS s.s. from the Palearctic and a separate group of species from the Indo-Australian region (Dubovikoff 2002, unpub.). Workers of the Palearctic species have palp formula 4:3, and the queen has a closed discoidal cell on the forewing. Oriental species have palp formula 2:3, and the queen forewing has a closed discoidal cell and some reduced cubital and medial veins. The Australian species have palp formula 2:2 and the queen forewing has an open discoidal cell. The American species we describe here shares palp formula and queen forewing characters with the Palaearctic species in BothriomyrmexHNS s.s.

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