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Genus: Azteca   Forel, 1878 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 84 valid species, 29 valid subspecies

Fossil: 2 valid species

Azteca Forel, 1878c PDF: 384. Type-species: Liometopum xanthochroum, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Type-species not Tapinoma instabilis, unjustified subsequent designation (based on inaccurate synonymy) by Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 159.]
[Type-species not Azteca muelleri, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1913a PDF: 31; repeated in Wheeler, 1913a PDF: 78.]
Azteca in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Azteca as genus: all authors.
[Aztecum: incorrect subsequent spelling by Bertkau, 1879a PDF: 13.]
[Azteka: incorrect subsequent spelling by Pergande, 1896 PDF: 867.]
Genus Azteca references
Emery, 1893l: 127 (all species key); Emery, 1913a PDF: 29 (diagnosis); Longino, 1989b PDF: 1 (Azteca alfari group on Cecropia); Longino, 1991a PDF: 1571 (Cecropia-inhabiting species key); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 49 (diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 (census); Longino, 1996 PDF: 131 (Costa Rica stem-inhabiting species key); Longino, 2007 PDF: 10, 55 (Costa Rica species keys, Azteca aurita group keys); Guerrero et al., 2010 PDF: 53 (Azteca aurita group key); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 130 (genus in Brazil); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 112 (brief male diagnosis); Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 704 (Colombia species key).

Taxon Page Images:

The swollen stem of a Cordia nodosa plant houses a symbiotic colony of Azteca ants. The ants protect the plant from herbivores in exchange for lodging. The large ant at center is the queen. Jatun Sacha reserve, Napo, Ecuador.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Lucia, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Azteca   Longino, J. T., 2007, A taxonomic review of the genus Azteca (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica and a global revision of the aurita group., Zootaxa 1491, pp. 1-63: 8-10, (download) 8-10 21311
Azteca   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 24, (download) 24 21367
Azteca   Forel, A., 1899, Biologia Centrali-Americana; or, contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Insecta. Hymenoptera. 3 (Formicidae)., London: Unknown Publisher: 104-107, (download) 104-107 8170
Azteca   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 198-199, (download) 198-199 20597
Azteca   Longino, J. T., 2007, A taxonomic review of the genus Azteca (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica and a global revision of the aurita group., Zootaxa 1491, pp. 1-63: 10-14, (download) 10-14 21311

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