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Genus: Stigmatomma   Roger, 1859 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 53 valid species

Fossil: 2 valid species

Stigmatomma Roger, 1859 PDF: 250. Type-species: Stigmatomma denticulatum, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 36. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Stigmatomma in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 53 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 714 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 16 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 14.
Stigmatomma in Amblyoponinae: Forel, 1893b PDF: 162; Forel, 1895b PDF: 110 [Amblyoponeridae]
Stigmatomma as junior synonym of Amblyopone: Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 455; Mayr, 1887 PDF: 546; Brown, 1960a: 155; all subsequent authors to the following.
Genus Stigmatomma references
For references pre-2012, see under Amblyopone. Yoshimura & Fisher, 2012a doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033325 PDF: 17 (male diagnosis, synonymy); Xu & Chu, 2012 PDF: 1177 (Asia species key (as Amblyopone)); Bharti & Rilta, 2015b 10.13102/sociobiology.v62i4.364 PDF: 506 (Indian species, key to species with eleven antennomeres); Esteves & Fisher, 2016 10.3897/BDJ.4.e8032 PDF (Malagasy species revision, key); Hsu et al., 2017 10.3897/zookeys.705.10296 PDF: 90 (key to Asian species with eleven antennomeres); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 107 (brief male diagnosis); Borowiec & Salata, 2022 PDF: 20 (diagnosis, key to Greece species).

Taxon Page Images:

Adult Stigmatomma cannot eat solid food and are incapable of the trophallaxis behavior that allows most other ant species to share food among nestmates. Instead, they have developed a novel way to feed themselves: consuming the hemolymph of nestmate larvae. Ants puncture vulnerable spots in the larval skin- as the ant in the center demonstrates- and lap up the drops of hemolymph. (Stigmatomma oregonensis) Quincy, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Stigmatomma sps hunting a centipede, from Kerala, Southern Western Ghats, India. Kalesh      


Bell's Dracula Ant Stigmatomma belli, Kerala.Western Ghats. India.

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Tanzania, Tunisia
    Americas: Brazil, Canada, United States
    Asia: China, Christmas Island, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Vietnam
    Europe: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Spain
    Oceania: Fiji, Hawaii, Papua New Guinea
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Palearctic

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