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Subfamily: Myrmeciinae   Emery, 1877 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 2 valid tribes, 2 valid genera, 94 valid species

Fossil: 9 valid genera, 22 valid species

Myrmeciidae Emery, 1877b PDF: 71. Type-genus: Myrmecia. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Myrmeciinae as group of Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 71 [Myrmeciidae].
Myrmeciinae as subfamily of Poneridae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 382.
Myrmeciinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Clark, 1951 PDF: 17; Brown, 1954e PDF: 22; all subsequent authors.
Myrmeciinae as myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 29, 132.
Myrmeciinae as formicoid subfamily of Formicidae: Brady et al., 2006 PDF: 18173; Moreau et al., 2006 PDF: 102.
Myrmeciinae as formicoid myrmeciomorph subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007c PDF: 556.
Tribes of Myrmeciinae: Myrmeciini, Prionomyrmecini
Genera incertae sedis in Myrmeciinae: Avitomyrmex, Macabeemyrma
Collective group names in Myrmeciinae: Myrmeciites
Subfamily Myrmeciinae references
Smith, 1858a PDF: 143 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1862 PDF: 723 (all species key); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 18 (diagnosis); Forel, 1893b PDF: 162 (diagnosis); Emery, 1895l PDF: 766 (diagnosis); Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 134 (diagnosis); Emery, 1911e PDF: 17 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Forel, 1917 PDF: 235 (synoptic classification); Clark, 1943 PDF: 85 (Promyrmecia species key); Clark, 1951 PDF: 21, 119 (Myrmecia, Promyrmecia all species revisions, keys); Brown, 1953j PDF: 1 (revisionary notes); Brown, 1954e PDF: 22 (diagnosis, phylogeny); Eisner, 1957 PDF: 449 (proventriculus morphology); Brown, 1958h PDF: 10 (New Zealand); Gotwald, 1969b PDF: 113 (mouthparts morphology); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1972a PDF: 38 (diagnosis); Brown, 1973b PDF: 165 (genera, distribution); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1976b PDF: 46 (larvae, review and synthesis); Greenslade, 1979: 11 (South Australia, review); Kugler, 1980b PDF: 263 (sting structure); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1985b PDF: 256 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1986b: 170 (Dufour's gland); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 (synoptic classification); Billen, 1988 PDF: 27 (comparison of genera); Billen, 1990c: 133 (sting bulb gland); Brandão et al., 1990 PDF: 201 (description of the subfamily's oldest fossil taxon) ;Ogata, 1991a PDF: 353 (species groups review, phylogeny); Ogata & Taylor, 1991 PDF: 1623 (all species review, key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 390 (Neotropical *fauna, synoptic classification); Baroni Urbani et al., 1992 PDF: 317 (phylogeny); Bolton, 1994: 73 (diagnosis, synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Shattuck, 1999: 119 (Australia, synopsis); Baroni Urbani, 2000 PDF: 480 (phylogeny); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 PDF: 418 (*fossil taxa, diagnosis for impression fossils); Ward & Brady, 2003 PDF: 361 (phylogeny, classification); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 29, 131 (diagnosis, synopsis); Brady et al., 2006 PDF: 18173 (phylogeny); Moreau et al., 2006 PDF: 102 (phylogeny); Archibald et al., 2006 PDF: 505 (*fossil taxa, morphology, systematics, discussion); Greiner et al., 2007 10.1016/j.cub.2007.08.015 PDF: 879 (photoreceptor variation); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 119 (south-western Australia species key); Keller, 2011 PDF: 1 (morphology, phylogeny); Boudinot, 2015 PDF: 49 (diagnosis); Liu et al., 2019 10.26049/ASP77-1-2019-01 PDF: 1 (mesosomal anatomy)
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, United States
    Europe: Germany, Poland, Russia
    Oceania: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

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