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Species: Tetraponera nigra   (Jerdon, 1851) 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Eciton nigrum Jerdon, 1851 PDF: 112 (w.q.) INDIA (Karnataka/Kerala). Indomalaya. Primary type information: Primary type material: syntype workers, syntype queens (numbers not stated). Primary type locality: India: “rare in Malabar, but tolerably common in parts of the Carnatic” (T.C. Jerdon). Primary type depository: unknown (no material known to exist). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Duplicated in Jerdon, 1854a PDF: 53.]
Combination in Pseudomyrma: Smith, 1858a PDF: 159.
Combination in Sima: Roger, 1863b PDF: 25; Stitz, 1925c PDF: 117.
Combination in Sima (Tetraponera): Emery, 1921c PDF: 26.
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 159; Roger, 1863b PDF: 25, 48; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 453; Smith, 1871a PDF: 328; Smith, 1877b PDF: 68; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 54; Emery, 1893h PDF: 243; Emery, 1895m: 464; Emery, 1900: 674 (in key); Forel, 1903a PDF: 709; Rothney, 1903: 98; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 100; Forel, 1906b PDF: 90; Forel, 1908b PDF: 3; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 64; Emery, 1921c PDF: 26; Wheeler, 1924c PDF: 243; Stitz, 1925c PDF: 117; Mukerjee, 1934 PDF: 4; Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 329; Donisthorpe, 1942d: 454; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 80; Baltazar, 1966 PDF: 248; Wu & Wang, 1990 PDF: 516 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 418; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 56; Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 35; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 294; Ward, 2001 PDF: 634 (redescription); Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 45; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 58; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 63; Bharti & Akbar, 2014a PDF: 47 (in key); Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 54; Jaitrong et al., 2016 PDF: 43; Rasheed et al., 2019 10.13102/sociobiology.v66i3.4330 PDF: 435; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 119; Khachonpisitsak et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.998.54902 PDF: 159; Bodlah et al., 2016 PDF: 1029 (redescription).
Senior synonym of Tetraponera fergusoni: Ward, 2001 PDF: 634.
Senior synonym of Tetraponera nigra insularis: Ward, 2001 PDF: 634.
Senior synonym of Tetraponera nigra krama: Ward, 2001 PDF: 634.
Senior synonym of Tetraponera petiolata: Forel, 1903a PDF: 709; Ward, 2001 PDF: 634.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

India, Sri Lanka, Java

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in Pine forest, 1 times found in 2ndgrowth veg./houses, 1 times found in tropical dry forest, 1 times found in semideciduous forest, 1 times found in riparian closed-forest, 1 times found in dry deciduous forest, 1 times found in dry Dipterocarp Forest, 1 times found in Kerangas woodland, 1 times found in mangrove, 1 times found in mixed deciduous, secondary growth, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ex dead twig, 1 times ex dead branch of Anacardium occidentale, 3 times ex Stereospermum personatum, 3 times ex thorn of Acacia horrida, 1 times tree, 1 times soil, 1 times on cashew, 1 times light trap.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 15 times Malaise trap, 4 times Pan trap, 1 times search, 1 times fog sample, 1 times general collecting, 1 times Malaise, 1 times pan traps.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1167 meters, 506 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1899-12-31 00:00:00.0 and 2007-05-06 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Holotype of Tetraponera atrata: casent0902831; syntype of Sima nigra fergusoni: casent0907463; syntype of Sima nigra krama: casent0907462; syntype of Sima nigra insularis: casent0904036; syntype of Tetraponera petiolata: casent0902830; type of Sima nigra insularis: focol0320, focol0321, focol0322, focol0323

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