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Species: Tetramorium plesiarum   Bolton, 1979 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Tetramorium plesiarum Bolton, 1979 PDF: 150, fig. 27 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Malagasy. Primary type information: MADAGASCAR, Causse de Kelifely, 17.30306°S, 45.73444°E, forest humus and litter, dry forest, 20-30.XI.1974, coll. A. Peyrieras; CASENT0172831; MCZC AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Madagascar
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Malagasy

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181

Tetramorium plesiarumHNS sp. n.

(Fig. 27)

Holotype worker. TL 30, HL 0.74, HW 0.69, CI 93, SL 0.48, SI 69, PW 0.52, AL 0.84.

Mandibles very delicately longitudinally striate, anterior clypeal margin with a narrow median impression. Eyes moderate, maximum diameter 0.14, about 0.20 x HW, the maximum diameter with about 8 facets. Frontal carinae strong, surmounted by a narrow rim or flange and forming the upper margins of the strongly developed scrobes, which are bounded below by a strong longitudinal carina running above the eye and are divided into upper and lower portions by a strong median longitudinal carina which runs back well beyond the level of the posterior margin of the eye. The posterior margin of the scrobe is bounded by a downcurvature of the frontal carina which is directed towards the lower occipital corner (Fig. 27). Propodeum armed with a pair of narrow spines which are slightly upcurved along their length, the metapleural lobes elongate-triangular and acute. Petiole in profile high and quite narrow, the dorsal length less than the height of the tergal portion of the node. Postpetiole regularly convex. Petiole in dorsal view distinctly broader than long. Dorsum of head irregularly longitudinally rugulose, the interspaces with fine superficial punctulation. Dorsal alitrunk with spaced-out longitudinal rugulae, without transverse sculpture except on the extreme anterior pronotum. Spaces between rugulae glossy, with very feeble groundsculpture. Dorsal surfaces of petiole and postpetiole unsculptured although the sides of these segments have some dense but faint punctulation. Gaster unsculptured. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with abundant fine pilosity. Colour brown.

Holotype worker, Madagascar: Causse de Kelifely, 20 - 30. xi. 1974, forest humus and litter, dry forest (A. Peyrieras) (MCZ, Cambridge).

From the overall appearance of this species, and especially because of the strongly developed scrobes and dense pilosity, it seems to be an attempt by a member of the ranarum-group to acquire a Triglyphothrix-like habitus (but of course without the branched hairs), and these characters separate it well from related species in this group. The development of the scrobe is along the same lines but less complete in zenatumHNS, but in this species the petiole node has a characteristic and very distinctive shape (Fig. 19).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in tropical dry forest, 1 times found in spiny forest/thicket, 3 times found in tropical dry forest on Tsingy, 5 times found in montane rainforest, 3 times found in Gallery forest on sandy soil, 1 times found in transition forest, 1 times found in spiny deciduous forest, 1 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 7 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times sifted litter, 2 times ground forager(s), 2 times ex rotten log, 1 times under rootmat, on rock, 1 times under root mat on rock, 1 times forest humus & litter, 1 times ex rotting tree stump.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 3 times Malaise trap, 2 times pitfall trap, PF 50 traps, 11 cm dbh with water, soap, formalin, nonlinear placement, 1 times 10 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 1 times 9 maxi winks, 1 times pitfall trap, PF 50 tube sample transect, 5m, 1 times yellow pan trap, YP 25 trap transect.

Elevations: collected from 100 - 1125 meters, 395 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1974-11-20 and 2015-02-28

Type specimens: Holotype: casent0172831



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