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Species: Ocymyrmex phraxus   Bolton, 1981 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Ocymyrmex phraxus Bolton, 1981b PDF: 274, fig. 27 (w.) TANZANIA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: holotype worker. Primary type locality: Tanzania ("Tanganyika"): Shinyanga, viii.1949 (B.K. coll). Primary type depository: BMNH. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 4 paratype workers. Secondary type locality: same as for holotype. Secondary type depositories: BMNH, MHNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Status as species: Bolton & Marsh, 1989 PDF: 1301; Bolton, 1995b: 294; Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 214.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B., 1981, A revision of six minor genera of Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 43, pp. 245-307

Ocymyrmex phraxusHNS sp. n.

(Fig. 27)

Holotype worker. TL 7.9, HL 1.92, HW 1.82, CI 95, SL 1.58, SI 87, PW 1.15, AL 2.32.

Anterior clypeal margin with a deep median impression which is flanked on each side by a tooth. Sides of head in front of eyes more or less parallel, the head not broadening anteriorly. Maximum diameter of eye 0.38, about 0.21 x HW. Promesonotum forming an even, low convexity in profile which slopes gently downwards posteriorly. Propodeal dorsum rounding evenly into the declivity. Metapleural lobes low and rounded. Petiole in profile with a small node which is not sharply differentiated from the peduncle; the dorsum of the peduncle runs into the anterior face of the node without a marked change in slope. This surface is confluent behind with the dorsum, which is low and broadly evenly rounded. In dorsal view the node is narrow and almost parallel-sided, its maximum width not much greater than that of the posterior peduncle. Postpetiole longer than broad in dorsal view, discounting the anterior articulatory section. First gastral tergite constricted basally, forming a narrow neck behind the postpetiole. Dorsum of head densely sculptured with fine, sharply defined parallel longitudinal rugulae which are slightly divergent posteriorly and more divergent laterally where they tend to arch outwards behind the eyes. Spaces between the rugulae filled with a fine dense and conspicuous punctulate ground-sculpture. Pronotum with arched-transverse costulae, with a patch of longitudinal sculpture between the mesothoracic spiracles. Remainder of dorsal alitrunk transversely rugose except for a small disorganized patch between the propodeal spiracles. Alitrunk dorsally lacking the punctulate ground-sculpture seen on the head. Petiole with a number of very fine rugulae which encircle the node, the postpetiole only with fine superficial patterning, or light shagreening. Dorsal surfaces of head and alitrunk all with numerous hairs, those on the first gastral tergite much shorter and sparser than those on the alitrunk. Alitrunk a dark, deep red, dully shining. Head dark red but lighter in shade than the alitrunk, the contrast easily visible to the naked eye. Gaster blackish brown to black, darker than the rest of the body.

Paratype workers. TL 7.7 - 8.0, HL 1.90 - 1.96, HW 1.80 - 1.86, CI 94 - 96, SL 1.56 - 1.60, SI 85 - 89, PW 1.14 - 1.16, AL 2.26 - 2.34 (5 measured). Maximum diameter of eye 0.36 - 0.38, about 0.20 - 0.21 x HW. As holotype but some with the petiole node slightly broader in dorsal view and with the disorganized rugular patch on the propodeal dorsum less obviously developed.

Holotype worker, Tanzania: Shinyanga, viii. 1949 (B. K. Coll.) (BMNH). Paratypes. 4 workers with the same data as holotype (BMNH; MHN, Geneva). Non-paratypic material examined. Tanzania: no further data.

The non-paratypic series matches the type-series well but has sculpture slightly more intense in development and has some workers which are slightly smaller, HL 1.78 1.90, HW 1.70 1.82, CI 95 - 96, SL 1.54 - 1.64, SI 90 - 93.

The sculpture of the petiole in phraxusHNS is reminiscent of a reduced version of that found in sobekHNS, but in the latter the node is greatly swollen and very distinctive (Fig. 20), and the gaster is yellowish, much lighter than the alitrunk.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Savannah.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times Human dung trap.

Collect Date Range: collected between 1949-08-01 00:00:00.0 and 2009-12-11 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Holotype of Ocymyrmex phraxus: casent0900405

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