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Species: Messor capitatus   (Latreille, 1798) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Messor capitatus nigricans

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica capitata Latreille, 1798 PDF: 46 (w.) FRANCE. Palearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: France: vic. Bordeaux (Latreille?). Type-depository: MNHN. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Latreille, 1802a PDF: 235 (q.); Mayr, 1855 PDF: 463 (m.).
Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807 PDF: 279.
Combination in Myrmica: Losana, 1834 PDF: 325.
Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b PDF: 29.
Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Forel, 1902a PDF: 148.
Combination in Messor: Ruzsky, 1905b: 744.
As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1921c PDF: 69; Emery, 1922d PDF: 97; Emery, 1924b PDF: 12; Kutter, 1927a PDF: 98.
Junior synonym of Messor barbarus: Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 66 (in key); Smith, 1861a PDF: 35; Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395; Dours, 1873 PDF: 167; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 461; Nasonov, 1889: 37.
Subspecies of Messor barbarus: Emery, 1891c: 12; Emery, 1893m PDF: 100 (footnote); Emery, 1893e PDF: 84; Forel, 1894d PDF: 31; Forel, 1902a PDF: 148; Forel, 1904c PDF: 373; Forel, 1904d PDF: 5; Forel, 1905e PDF: 176; Ruzsky, 1905b: 744; Forel, 1906c PDF: 190; Forel, 1907e PDF: 204; Forel, 1907h PDF: 15; Emery, 1908f PDF: 449 (redescription); Forel, 1909c PDF: 104; Forel, 1909k PDF: 371; Karavaiev, 1911a PDF: 62; Karavaiev, 1912a PDF: 7; Emery, 1912f PDF: 97; Emery, 1916a PDF: 142; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 343; Santschi, 1919e PDF: 244; Menozzi, 1922c PDF: 326; Ruzsky, 1923: 4; Santschi, 1923f PDF: 325; Finzi, 1924a PDF: 13; Santschi, 1925g PDF: 341; Santschi, 1926f PDF: 286; Finzi, 1929 PDF: 80; Cori & Finzi, 1931 PDF: 238; Santschi, 1931a: 4; Santschi, 1932h PDF: 3; Finzi, 1933 PDF: 163; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 100; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 17; Menozzi, 1936b PDF: 276; Finzi, 1940 PDF: 159; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 40; Ceballos, 1956: 301.
Status as species: Latreille, 1802a PDF: 234; Jurine, 1807 PDF: 279; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 130; Leach, 1815: 147; Brullé, 1833 PDF: 327; Losana, 1834 PDF: 325; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 173; Brullé, 1840: 84; Lucas, 1849 PDF: 300; Schenck, 1852 PDF: 135; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 462 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 83; Mayr, 1866b PDF: 896; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 101; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 153; Lomnicki, 1925b PDF: 2; Baroni Urbani, 1964b PDF: 40; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 150; Cagniant, 1966b PDF: 279; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 147 (redescription); Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 427; Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 143; Baroni Urbani, 1969e PDF: 331; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 62; Cagniant, 1970a PDF: 416; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 57; Baroni Urbani, 1974a PDF: 232; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 81 (in key); Bernard, 1980b PDF: 266; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 425; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 271 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 156 (in key); De Haro & Collingwood, 1994 PDF: 99; Bolton, 1995b: 253; Mei, 1995 PDF: 761; Poldi et al., 1995: 3; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 30; Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998 PDF: 423; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 116; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 137; Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 197; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 93 (in key); Bračko, 2007 PDF: 17; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 489; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 15; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 36; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 9; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 512; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 103; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 14; Lebas et al., 2016: 294.
Senior synonym of Messor galbula: Emery, 1921c PDF: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 253.
Senior synonym of Messor huberiana: Emery, 1921c PDF: 70; Bolton, 1995b: 253.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria
    Europe: France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Coastal SLO

Biology:

Mostly xerothermous stony grasslands

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in Ruderal, 6 times found in Meadow, 3 times found in jaral, 4 times found in Bushes, 1 times found in Camino de tierra al lado del embalse de Pinilla, 1 times found in Clear on Pinus forest, 2 times found in Prado, 1 times found in Prados, 2 times found in Mediterranean forest (Pinus, Castanea sativa, etc.), 1 times found in Mediterranean forest (Quercus pyrenaea, Pinus, Castanea sativa, etc.), ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 16 times Foraging, 4 times Nest under stone, 4 times nbp, 3 times under stone, 3 times Open nest on soil, 2 times Open nest, 1 times nido abierto, 1 times Abriendo un nido en el camino, 1 times on path, 1 times Forrajeando, 1 times Flying, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 36 times Hand, 3 times search.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1700 meters, 646 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1946-05-06 and 2017-09-08

Type specimens: syntype of Messor minor sanctus obscuriventris: casent0916931; type of Messor barbarus r. capitatus var. grandiceps: focol1247, focol1248, focol1249, focol1250; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Messor barbarus capitatus splendens: casent0913224



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