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Species: Leptanilloides caracola   Donoso et al., 2006 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Leptanilloides caracola Donoso et al., 2006 PDF: 56, figs. 5, 6 (w.) ECUADOR. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype worker. Type-locality: Ecuador: Cotopaxi Prov., Bosque Integral Otonga, 2200 m., 00°0.32’S, 78°0.95’W, 4.iv.1997, EX: D3 (I.G. Tapia & P. Ponce). Type-depository: MCZC. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Status as species: Borowiec & Longino, 2011 PDF: 26 (in key); Delsinne et al., 2015 PDF: 7 (in key).
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Ecuador
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Donoso, D. A., Vieira, J. M. & Wild, A. L., 2006, Three new species of Leptanilloides Mann from Andean Ecuador (Formicidae: Leptanilloidinae)., Zootaxa 1201, pp. 47-62

Leptanilloides caracola Donoso, Vieira & WildHNS

Holotype worker deposited at MCZC. Type locality: Ecuador, Cotopaxi Province, Bosque Integral Otonga GoogleMaps, 2200m, 78°0.95'W; 00°0.32' S, 04-Abr-1997, EX: D3, I. G. Tapia & P. Ponce Leg. GoogleMaps Only one specimen examined. See Figures 5-6.

Etymology: Name in reference to a popular character in local folklore. Noun in apposition.


Diagnosis: This species can be recognized by its minute size, light brown color, absence of genal teeth and large postpetiole.

Description: Head elongate and subquadrate (CI 78), slightly wider anteriorly. Lateral margins of head nearly straight and parallel. Posterior corners rounded and posterior border slightly concave. Clypeus short with anterior border straight, lamella apron triangular. Frontal carina very short, fused between the antenna, separated anteriorly and bordering the antennal fossa. Gena without blunt teeth. Mandibles short, masticatory margin edentate, with distinct basal and apical portions separated by a rounded angle. Eyes absent. Antenna stout, 12 segmented. Scape short and clavate, extending about 3/8 the distance to occipital borders. Funiculus moderately narrow. First funicular joint rounded, broader and longer than the second. Antennal joints submoniliform, gradually increasing in size toward apex but not forming an antennal club.

Mesosoma long, slender and flattened. Pronotum conspicuous, with a flexible promesonotal suture. Metanotal groove obsolete. Sides of mesonotum sclerotized. Propodeum unarmed. Propodeal declivity very short and rounding into the dorsal face. Propodeal spiracle round, situated in the middle of the sclerite. Metapleural gland flanges conspicuous, translucent and posteriorly rounded.

Petiole distinct. Petiole smaller than postpetiole in dorsal view. Petiole very slightly narrowed from front to rear and with straight sides. Postpetiole more narrowed from front to rear. In profile, petiolar tergite with two dorsal portions. Anterior portion large and concave and posterior portion convex. Postpetiole in profile with dorsal edge rounded. Antero-ventral portion of the petiolar sternite with a deep and rounded process. Postpetiole without anteroventral process. Petiolar and postpetiolar spiracle not easily seen.

Metasoma long and slender. Abdominal segments 4-6 subequal in length in dorsal view and separated by strong constrictions. Pygidium concealed by the preceding segment and U-shaped.

Tibia enlarged apically. Tibial spur of foreleg long and pectinate. Metatibial gland absent. Claws simple.

Body color shining light yellowish brown. Head with abundant punctures. Mesosoma and abdomen more finely and sparsely punctate. Head, body and appendages with abundant, rather coarse, short and erect, brownish hairs.

Measurements (in mm) and indices: (only holotype measured): HL 0.40; HW 0.31; SL 0.18; FL 0.22; LHT 0.24; WL 0.47; PL 0.12; PPL 0.16; CI 78; SI 58.

Comments: Data found on the label (i.e. EX:D3) indicates the specimen was collected in a pitfall trap in second growth forest (I. G. Tapia, pers. com.).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Collected most commonly using these methods: D3 times EX.

Elevations: collected at 2200 m

Collect Date Range: collected on 1997-04-04

Type specimens:

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