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Species: Formica picea   Nylander, 1846 

Classification:
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See Also:

Formica picea formosae

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica picea Nylander, 1846a PDF: 917 (w.q.) FINLAND. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Junior primary homonym of Camponotus piceus (Leach, 1825).].
[Formica picea Nylander, 1846 as retained homonymous name: Seifert, 2004 PDF: 31, 36.].
Forel, 1914b PDF: 1 (m.).
Status as species: Foerster, 1850a: 30; Schenck, 1852 PDF: 126; Dours, 1873 PDF: 166; Bondroit, 1912 PDF: 352; Forel, 1914b PDF: 1; Forel, 1915d: 62 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 325; Emery, 1916a PDF: 254; Donisthorpe, 1918a PDF: 9; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 47; Bondroit, 1920a PDF: 144; Bondroit, 1920b PDF: 299; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 82; Lomnicki, 1925a PDF: 16 (in key); Menozzi, 1925d PDF: 35; Emery, 1925d PDF: 249; Karavaiev, 1926e PDF: 196; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 147 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 374; Karavaiev, 1927d: 285 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927e PDF: 346; Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 9; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b PDF: 38; Karavaiev, 1929d PDF: 213; Donisthorpe, 1929a: 447; Stitz, 1930a PDF: 238; Wheeler, 1930k PDF: 81; Karavaiev, 1931b PDF: 32; Karavaiev, 1931c PDF: 111; Karavaiev, 1931e PDF: 215; Teranishi, 1932 PDF: 52; Arnol'di, 1933a: 604 (in key); Stitz, 1934: 9; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 103; Karavaiev, 1936: 231 (redescription); Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 320; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 106 (in key); Eidmann, 1941a PDF: 29; Röszler, 1942a PDF: 64; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 69; Van Boven, 1947b PDF: 187 (in key); Röszler, 1950 PDF: 217; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 198; Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 31; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 299 (redescription); Kutter, 1968b: 61; Pisarski, 1969a PDF: 233; Pisarski, 1969b: 308; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 87; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971 PDF: 153 (redescription); Banert & Pisarski, 1972 PDF: 354; Pisarski, 1975: 42; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 183 (redescription); Kutter, 1977c: 250; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 553 (in key); Kupyanskaya, 1980 PDF: 100; Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981 PDF: 162; Kupyanskaya, 1986b PDF: 97; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 186; Seifert, 2004 PDF: 31, 36 (redescription) ; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 67; Seifert, 2007: 298; Radchenko, 2007 PDF: 35; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 158; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 233; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 134; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 482; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 51; Boer, 2010: 30; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 36; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 495; Czechowski et al., 2012: 210; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 32; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 77; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 27; Lebas et al., 2016: 196; Radchenko, 2016: 297; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 45; Seifert, 2018: 303.
Material of the unavailable name Formica fusca gagates filchneri referred here by Emery, 1909b PDF: 195; Wheeler, 1913i PDF: 512; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 325; Forel, 1915d: 62 (in key); Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Bolton, 1995b: 201.
Material of the unavailable name Formica fusca gagates transcaucasicogagates referred here by Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 31; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971 PDF: 153; Bolton, 1995b: 201.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: China, India, Mongolia
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Sweden
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Nylander, W., 1846, Adnotationes in monographiam formicarum borealium Europae., Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 2, pp. 875-944

13. F. piceaHNS.

Operaria: piceo-nigra nitidissima; mandibulis, anlennis pedibusque piceis; ocellis minutis; squama subtriangulariter rotundata; abdomine inprimis albo-pilosulo.

Hujus speciei neglectae hucusque tantum operariam pardus in sphagnosis ad Helsiogfors et Uleaborg inveni; diffusa igitur saltem per totam patriam videtur.

[[ worker ]]. Long. circiter 2 lin. Simillima sequenti. Nigra tota, mandibulis tantum et antennis piceo-rufescentibus, flagellis obscurioribus; pedibus quoque trochanteribus, geniculis et tarsis rufescentibus, tibiis femoribusque interdum ejusdem fere etiam coloris. Caput magnitudinis mediocris et formae sicut in F. rufaHNS, pilis parcis albidis conspersum. Palpi maxillares atri ut in F. rufaHNS constructi. Clypeus distincte carinulatus. Area frontalis sat distincte limitata, nitore reliquarum partium capitis. Oculi majores quam in praecedente ovales, paulo prominuli. Occiput (minime nt in praecedente emarginatum) aequaliter convexiusculum. Thorax nitidus subtilissime sparse adpresse albido pubescens, pilis nonnullis erectis in pronoto, depressione inter pulvinar pro- et mesonoti atque metanotum minori quam in F. rufaHNS, aliis proporfionibus fere iisdem ac in hac specie. Squama altitudine abdominis sursum paullo latior, angulis parum rotundatis, supra sub truncata vel margine convexiusculo. Abdomen nitidissimum nigrum (nitore cinereo-sericeo ne minimo quidem), supra visum rotundatum, capite latius, pilis longiusculis sparsis albidis solito more ante margines segmentorum serie et alibi rarius dispositis. Pedes adpresse subtiliter cinerascenti-pubescentes, tibiis latere interiori setulis nonnullis.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 70 times found in Unknown, 42 times found in heathlands, 17 times found in bogs & fenns, 2 times found in Turbera, 2 times found in Wet grassland, 2 times found in N-slope, alpine meadow, 1 times found in dry grassland, 1 times found in hanging bog, 1 times found in shrubs, 1 times found in small wetland in open, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ground foragers, 1 times small nest mound in bog, 1 times moss bump, 1 times ground nest.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 51 times Pitfall trap, 27 times Manual catch, 5 times search, 3 times Malaise trap, 2 times Hand, 1 times Window trap.

Elevations: collected from 17 - 4325 meters, 2019 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1910-05-15 and 2019-07-23

Type specimens: syntype of Formica fusca orientalis: casent0917249



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