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Species: Azteca tonduzi   Forel, 1899 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Azteca tonduzi Forel, 1899h PDF: 114 (w.m.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

See also: Longino, 2007 PDF: 49
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica: widespread.


Natural History:

Azteca tonduzi is an inconspicuous species which nests in hollow dead stems and sometimes forms carton nests among epiphytes. The types were collected in orchid pseudobulbs (Forel 1899). In Costa Rica I have collected this species multiple times. A dealate queen was in a dead branch of Ficus werckleana, a colony inhabited dead branches of Terminalia catappa along a beach edge, a colony inhabited dead culms of Uniola (sea oats) at the edge of a mangrove swamp, and workers were in small carton nests over coccoid Hemiptera on a branch of Licania. The largest colony I have observed was in a mangrove swamp near the mouth of the Rio Llorona in Corcovado National Park. Workers were very abundant, nesting in bases of several species of bromeliads. On the mangrove branches and trunks there were carton shelters containing brood and coccoid Hemiptera. The colony spread across multiple trees of Avicennia and Laguncularia. Alate queens have been encountered flying during the day and occasionally at blacklights.


Azteca tonduzi is very similar to the South American A. jelskii.

Literature Cited

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Azteca tonduzi sp. n.  Forel, A., 1899, Biologia Centrali-Americana; or, contributions to the knowledge of the fauna and flora of Mexico and Central America. Insecta. Hymenoptera. 3 (Formicidae)., London: Unknown Publisher: 114-115, (download) 114-115 8170
Azteca   Longino, J. T., 2007, A taxonomic review of the genus Azteca (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica and a global revision of the aurita group., Zootaxa 1491, pp. 1-63: 8-10, (download) 8-10 21311
Azteca tonduzi   Longino, J. T., 2007, A taxonomic review of the genus Azteca (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Costa Rica and a global revision of the aurita group., Zootaxa 1491, pp. 1-63: 49, (download) 49 21311 GoogleMaps

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in CCL 400M, 8 times found in rainforest, 4 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in riparian forest, 2 times found in Edge of mangrove estuary, 1 times found in mangrove swamp, 1 times found in SSO 350m, 1 times found in Sura 700m, 2 times found in wet forest, 2 times found in lowland rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times Malaise trap, 1 times under epiphytes, 1 times on low branch Licania, 2 times nest in culm of Uniola, 1 times ex live branch Ocotea, 2 times Beach at edge of tall wet forest. ex dead twig of Terminalia catappa, 2 times at blacklight, 1 times Sura, 1 times Nest under small epiphyte mat., 1 times nest in dead branch Terminalia catapa, 1 times in dead branch Ficus, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 16 times Fogging, 8 times Malaise, 3 times search, 3 times Blacklight, 1 times malaise trap, 1 times Mini Winkler, 1 times miniWinkler.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 500 meters, 54 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1971-02-04 and 2010-06-03

Type specimens: syntype of Azteca tonduzi: casent0903021, casent0903022, casent0909679; syntypes tonduzi: jtl073576, jtl073577; type of Azteca tonduzi: focol0186-1, focol0186-2, focol0186-3

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