Current View: Bolton World Catalog
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.95.1. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Tetramorium spinosum   (Pergande, 1896) 

Download Data

Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Xiphomyrmex spinosus Pergande, 1896 PDF: 894 (w.) MEXICO (Baja California). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype worker (by designation of Bolton, 1979 PDF: 163). Primary type locality: lectotype Mexico: Baja California, Sierra San Lazaro, Cape Region, ix.1894 (Eisen & Vaslit). Primary type depository: USNM. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 3 paralectotype workers. Secondary type locality: same as for holotype. Secondary type depository: USNM. Type notes: The original description records 14 syntype workers; the 10 unaccounted for should also be considered as paralectotypes. Probably in USNM and elsewhere. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 163.
Combination in Tetramorium: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 163
Senior synonym of Tetramorium wheeleri: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 163; Bolton, 1995b: 414.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:


Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tetramorium spinosum comb. n.  Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181: 163-164, (download) 163-164 6435
Tetramorium spinosum   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in coffe farm, 2 times found in pine forest, 1 times found in tropical dry forest, 3 times found in Tropical hardwood forest, 2 times found in mesic woodland, 1 times found in oak, 1 times found in creosote mesquite desert, 2 times found in Pine-oak forest, 2 times found in Desert canyon forest, 1 times found in hardwood forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times foragers on roadbank, 2 times under stone, 3 times under rock, 1 times ground forager(s), 1 times ex forest litter, 1 times column on tree trunk, 1 times wayside park, under dung, 1 times strays, 1 times on rock slide, 1 times on hardwood tree, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 4 times search, 5 times direct collection, 4 times pitfall, 3 times Winkler, 1 times maxiWinkler, 1 times Berlese, 2 times hand collection, 1 times Directo, 1 times hand collected.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 2286 meters, 741 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1946-02-17 00:00:00.0 and 2017-05-11 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: paralectotype of Tetramorium spinosum: casent0901047; syntype of Tetramorium wheeleri: casent0909195; syntype of Xiphomyrmex spinosus: castype00654; syntype of Xiphomyrmex spinosus insons: casent0901048

See something amiss? Send us an email.
Log In to see maps.