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Species: Tapinoma sessile   (Say, 1836) 

Classification:
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Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Formica sessilis Say, 1836 PDF: 287 (w.q.) U.S.A. (Indiana). Nearctic. Primary type information: Primary type material: neotype worker (by designation of Hamm, 2010 PDF: 24). Primary type locality: neotype U.S.A.: Indiana, Posey County, New Harmony, 38.130°N, 87.935°W, 110 m., 21.vi.2009 (“5 m. from the grave of T. Say”) (C.A. Hamm). Primary type depository: MCZC (neotype). Type notes: Original type data: syntype workers, queens (numbers not stated), U.S.A.: Indiana (no further data) (T. Say), depository unknown (no material known to exist). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Neotype designation: Hamm, 2010 PDF: 24.
[Misspelled as sessele by Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 193.]
Combination in Tapinoma: Smith, 1858a PDF: 57
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 57; Roger, 1863b PDF: 14; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 456; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 434; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 166; Pergande, 1893 PDF: 30; Emery, 1895d PDF: 332; Forel, 1899b PDF: 101; Forel, 1900h PDF: 285; Wheeler, 1900c PDF: 48; Wheeler, 1902g PDF: 20; Viereck, 1903 PDF: 71; Ruzsky, 1905b: 480; Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 389; Wheeler, 1906i PDF: 342; Wheeler, 1908i PDF: 622; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 569; Santschi, 1911d PDF: 7; Emery, 1913a PDF: 40; Wheeler, 1913d PDF: 116; Wheeler, 1914c PDF: 55; Wheeler, 1916r: 590; Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 522; Wheeler, 1917k PDF: 462; Kiseleva, 1925 PDF: 74; Ruzsky, 1925b PDF: 45; Essig, 1926 PDF: 863; Smith, 1928a PDF: 307; Smith, 1930a PDF: 5; Wheeler, 1932a PDF: 13; Cole, 1936a PDF: 36; Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 95; Cole, 1937b PDF: 136; Dennis, 1938 PDF: 293; Wing, 1939 PDF: 163; Wesson & Wesson, 1940 PDF: 100; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1944 PDF: 249; Buren, 1944a PDF: 292; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 70; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 353; Smith, 1951c PDF: 838; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 193; Smith, 1958c PDF: 141; Carter, 1962a PDF: 7 (in list); Francoeur & Béique, 1966a PDF: 143; Beck et al., 1967: 73; Smith, 1967a PDF: 365; Hunt & Snelling, 1975 PDF: 22; Francoeur, 1977b PDF: 207; Yensen et al., 1977 PDF: 183; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1978b PDF: 392; Francoeur & Snelling, 1979 PDF: 6; Smith, 1979: 1421; Snelling & George, 1979: 160; Allred, 1982: 506; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 58; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 144; MacKay et al., 1988 PDF: 103; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 99; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 156; Blacker, 1992 PDF: 9; Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 153; Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 153; Wheeler et al., 1994 PDF: 304; Bolton, 1995b: 401; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 265; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 47; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 111; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 64; Ward, 2005 PDF: 27; Hamm, 2010 PDF: 24; Ellison et al., 2012: 106; Deyrup, 2017: 177.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Nearctic bioregion

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: USA (AZ, MA)

Biology:

Found in virtually all habitats, but most common in riparian, grassland and ruderal sites. Impermanent nests in preformed cavities and spaces.

Comments:

Snelling list also recognizes a Tapinoma n. sp. From California.

Notes:

The North American ants going by the name Tapinoma sessile are almost certainly a species complex, even with the exclusion of the following species.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tapinoma sessile   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Tapinoma sessile   Hamm, C. A., 2010, Multivariate discrimination and description of a new species of Tapinoma from the Western United States., Annals of the Entomological Society of America 103, pp. 20-29: 24-25, (download) 24-25 23125 GoogleMaps

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 54 times found in Black Belt Prairie, 38 times found in cedar glade, 0 times found in in cultivated cotton, 0 times found in peripheral to cultivated cotton, 29 times found in oak woodland, 22 times found in deciduous forest, 23 times found in agricultural zone, 10 times found in on swimming pool surface, 22 times found in Ponderosa pine forest, 20 times found in oak/hickory forest near cedar glade, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 128 times under rock, 58 times under stone, 33 times litter, 14 times nest under stone, 15 times on low vegetation, 13 times log stage 4, 10 times ex sifted leaf litter, 10 times strays, 6 times ex rotten log, 9 times nest under rock, 9 times ground forager(s), ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 123 times search, 52 times Bay Area Ant Survey (BAAS), 21 times pitfall trap, 63 times hand collecting, 64 times malaise trap, 38 times Berlese funnel, 24 times pitfall, 24 times Lindgren funnel, 18 times direct collection, 15 times sweeping, 7 times winkler, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 3202 meters, 1473 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1897-09-27 00:00:00.0 and 2022-03-26 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Lectotype of Tapinoma sessile: casent0172856, casent0172857; type of Tapinoma boreale: focol2872, focol2873



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