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Species: Strumigenys spathula   Lattke & Goitía, 1997 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Strumigenys spathula Lattke & Goitía, 1997 PDF: 390, figs. 29, 40, 46 (w.q.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: holotype worker. Primary type locality: Venezuela: Edo. Barinas, Res. For. Ticoporo, 17 km. SW Ciudad Bolivia, 8°04’N, 70°48’W, 240 m., 26.viii.1987, #861-5 (J. Longino). Primary type depository: MIZA. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 12+ paratype workers, 1(?) paratype queen. Secondary type localities: 2 paratype workers Venezuela: Edo. Carabobo, cerca Patanemo, 10°25’N, 67°34’W, 150 m., 25.vii.1987 (J. Longino), 10 paratype workers Venezuela: Edo. Miranda, Rio Salmerón con Quebrada el Bagre, 24.ii.1980 (J. Lattke), paratype workers (and paratype queen?) number not given Venezuela: Edo. Barinas, 17 km. SSW Ciudad Bolivia, 8°02’N, 70°46’W, 240 m., 28.viii.1987, 9011-17 (P.S. Ward). Secondary type depositories: BMNH, LACM, MCZC, MIZA, PSWC. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Status as species: Bolton, 2000: 511 (redescription); Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 261; Pérez-Pedraza & Fernández, 2019 PDF: 1087.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Venezuela.

Biology:

Occurs in mature lowland wet forest; found in Winkler samples of sifted leaf litter and rotten wood. Lattke found a nest in rotten wood.

Identification:

Like a robust version of elongata with clavate, not flagellate gastral setae.

Comments:

Longino notes, 9 Nov 2013: In Central America, Strumigenys elongata, pariensis, spathula, and morphospecies JTL022 form a single DNA barcoding cluster with subclusters. Strumigenys spathula is morphologically distinct but has discordant DNA barcode data. A Chiapas specimen and a Cerro Cahuí specimen of spathula are distant by DNA barcode, about 5% sequence divergence, but look the same. The Cerro Cahui specimen clusters closer to a Nicaraguan specimen of pariensis.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 16 times found in tropical moist forest, 4 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in montane forest, 2 times found in lowland wet forest, 1 times found in treefall gap in tropical moist forest, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, 1 times found in 2nd growth veg., 1 times found in tropical wet forest, 1 times found in cloud forest, 1 times found in La Esperanza, Bosque Semi decíduo, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 24 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times ex sifted litter, 1 times Ticoporo Forest Reserve. Dense second growth with few larger trees. Night collec, 1 times Ticoporo Forest Reserve. Dense second growth with few larger trees. Ex sifted le, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times LeafLitter, 1 times Ex hojarasca.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 17 times MiniWinkler, 6 times MaxiWinkler, 3 times Winkler, 1 times Maxi Winkler, 1 times search, 1 times Winkler48h.

Elevations: collected from 145 - 1189 meters, 315 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1987-08-26 00:00:00.0 and 2019-06-29 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: paratype of Strumigenys spathula: casent0900447



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