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Species: Pheidole tepicana   Pergande, 1896 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole tepicana Pergande, 1896 PDF: 878 (s.w.) MEXICO (Nayarit). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: 10 syntype major workers, 25 syntype minor workers. Primary type locality: Mexico: Nayarit, Tepic, x.-xi.1894 (Eisen & Vaslit). Primary type depositories: AMNH, USNM. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole tepicana PergandeHNS

Pheidole tepicana PergandeHNS 1896: 878. Syn.: Pheidole rugifrons PergandeHNS 1896: 880, synonymy by Emery 1901 c: 119; Pheidole carbonaria PergandeHNS 1896: 881, synonymy by Emery 1901c: 119; Pheidole kingi AndreHNS 1898: 244, synonymy by Creighton and Gregg 1955: 24; Pheidole townsendi AndreHNS 1898: 246; synonymy by Emery 1922c: 105; Pheidole kingi subsp. instabilis EmeryHNS 1901c: 120, synonymy by Creighton and Gregg 1955: 24; Pheidole kingi subsp. torpescens WheelerHNS 1915b: 404, synonymy by Creighton and Gregg 1955: 24. Raised to species level in this monograph: cavigenisHNS.

Types Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.; Nat. Mus. Nat. Hist. U. S.

Etymology Name based on type locality.

Diagnosis A member of the " piliferaHNS complex" of the larger piliferaHNS group; for a characterization of the complex, see under piliferaHNS. P. tepicanaHNS is distinguished within the complex as follows. Trimorphic, with major, supermajor, and minor castes. Major: posterior half of dorsum of head except for occiput smooth and shiny; pronotum low and smoothly convex; mesonotal convexity very low; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped.

Supermajor: posterior third of head covered by a mixture of rugulae and rugoreticula; rugoreticulum present between eye and antennal fossa.

Minor: propodeal spines reduced to denticles; head almost entirely smooth and shiny.

Measurements (mm) Major (Austin, Texas): HW 1.12, HL 1.34, SL 0.62, EL 0.12, PW 0.54.

Supermajor (Guadalajara, Mexico): HW 1.62, HL 2.00, SL 0.74, EL 0.14, PW 0.74.

Minor (Austin, Texas): HW 0.52, HL 0.56, SL 0.52, EL 0.12, PW 0.32.

Color Major: reddish yellow.

Supermajor: light reddish brown.

Minor: brownish yellow.

Range Texas, Arizona southward to at least Jalisco, Mexico: often locally abundant.

Biology In the Santa Cruz Mountains of Arizona, Stefan Cover (unpublished notes) found a colony of tepicanaHNS in an open area with opuntia and dwarf acacia surrounded by blue oak, nesting under a stone in the sun; the nest contained a cache of seeds. The species is notably flexible in its choices of nest site. Near Tucson, Arizona, I observed a colony in an open grassy area, spread out beneath multiple stones. In western Texas, Moody and Francke (1982) found numerous colonies, nesting mostly under stones and in open soil; one colony each was also beneath a log, a piece of metal, and a grass clump respectively. And finally, at Cuernavaca, Wheeler (1901b) observed that colonies were common beneath pats of half-dried cow dung.

Figure Upper: major (plus partial frontal head view of a supermajor). Lower: minor. TEXAS: major and minor from Austin (syntypes of the synonymy kingi subsp. instabilis EmeryHNS); supermajor from Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. (Type locality: Tepic, Nayarit, collected by Eisen and Vaslit). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 8 times found in Selva baja caducifolia, 1 times found in oak/juniper woodland, 1 times found in pasture/cultivated area, 1 times found in road edge, dry scrub, 4 times found in Deciduous tropical forest, 4 times found in Grassy brushland, 1 times found in park entrance area, 1 times found in beside hotel parkiing lot in full sun, 2 times found in BTS, 3 times found in Roadside meadow, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 19 times under rock, 6 times En la trampa, 1 times nest in soil, 1 times nest under stone, 1 times nest under rock, 1 times nest in bare clay soil with 3" circle of debris, 3 times hojarasca, 1 times nest under small rock in disturbed site, 2 times cobble pavement, 1 times Atun-cebo alimenticio, 1 times suelo,debajo de piedra, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 9 times pitfall, 2 times search, 3 times Directo, 4 times direct collection, 1 times hand collecting, 3 times Colecta manual, 1 times Atún-cebo alimenticio, 1 times Colecta directa, 1 times Manual en hojarasca.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 2327 meters, 1158 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1900-06-01 00:00:00.0 and 2017-11-16 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Not Provided: casent0283292; paratype of Pheidole tepicana: castype00633; syntype of Pheidole carbonaria: castype00634, castype00635; syntype of Pheidole kingi: casent0915432, casent0915433; syntype of Pheidole rugifrons: castype00631; syntype of Pheidole kingi instabilis: casent0904442, casent0904443



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