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Species: Pheidole sospes   Forel, 1908 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole anastasii var. sospes Forel, 1908 PDF: 381 (s.w.) BRAZIL (São Paulo). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 509). Primary type locality: lectotype Brazil: São Paulo (H. von Ihering). Primary type depository: MHNG. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 1 paralectotype minor worker. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: MHNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 509.
Status as species: Wilson, 2003a: 509 (redescription); LaPolla & Cover, 2005 PDF: 371; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 121.
Senior synonym of Pheidole minutissima: Wilson, 2003a: 509.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole sospesHNS Forel, new status

Pheidole anastasii var. sospesHNS Forel 1908h: 381. Syn.: Pheidole minutissima KusnezovHNS 1952d: 69, 78, n. syn.

Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.

Etymology L sospesHNS, saving, delivering, significance unknown.

Diagnosis A medium-sized, yellow member of the flavensHNS group; the major has shallow but well-developed antennal scrobes; rugoreticulation across all of the occiput; a small mesonotal convexity, and angulate lateral postpetiolar margins, as well as posteriorly directed propodeal spine and rugoreticulate humerus. Resembles ademoniaHNS and peltastesHNS, but easily distinguished by many features of sculpturing, development of the scrobe, and presence in the major of the mesonotal convexity, as illustrated. Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.84, HL 0.92, SL 0.44, EL 0.12, PW 0.44. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.44, HL 0.46, SL 0.42, EL 0.08, PW 0.30.

color Major: appendages and gaster clear yellow, rest of body a slightly contrasting reddish yellow ("orange"). Minor: concolorous clear yellow.

Range Sao Paulo, Brazil; Misiones (El Dorado) in extreme northeastern Argentina; and Cuzco Amazonico, near Maldonado, Madre de Dios, Peru.

biology At Cuzco Amazonico, Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin collected four colonies, all in terra firme forest, nesting in small rotten sticks on the forest floor.

Figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. BRAZIL: Sao Paulo. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in primary rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times twig.

Elevations: collected from 200 - 210 meters, 205 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1989-06-09 00:00:00.0 and 2004-03-01 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole sospes: casent0908249; Not Provided: casent0339824; paralectotype of Pheidole sospes: casent0908250; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Pheidole anastasii sospes clauda: casent0913262, casent0913263

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