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Species: Pheidole simplex   Wheeler, 1925 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole biconstricta subsp. simplex Wheeler, 1925a PDF: 21 (s.) PERU. Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 148). Primary type locality: lectotype Peru: Llinquipata (N. Holmgren). Type depositories: MCZC, NHRS (depository of lectotype is not stated). Secondary type information: Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Type depositories: MCZC, NHRS (depository of lectotype is not stated). Type notes: Original description cites 3 major workers as syntypes. Wilson, 2003a: 148, designated a paralectotype minor worker from Brazil: Aleixo, nr Manaus; neither the caste nor the locality appear in the original description. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 148.
Status as species: Wilson, 2003a: 148 (redescription); Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 121.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Peru
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole simplex WheelerHNS, new status

Pheidole biconstricta simplex WheelerHNS 1925a: 21.

Types Roy. Mus. Stockholm; Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L simplexHNS, simple, anatomical reference unknown.

Diagnosis Distinguished from other members of the biconstrictaHNS group by the dense, long, suberect to erect pilosity and reduced propodeal spines in both the major and minor castes. Also, only the anterior half of the first gastral tergite is shagreened and opaque.

Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.42, HL 1.36, SL 0.92, EL 0.16, PW 0.68.

Paralectotype minor (Aleixo, Brazil): HW 0.64, HL 0.74, SL 0.90, EL 0.14, PW 0.44.

color Major and minor: yellowish red, with gaster of minor a slightly contrasting brownish yellow.

Range Poorly known; records are from Amazonian Brazil and Peru.

Biology At Cuzco Amazonico, near Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin found a colony in terra firme forest, nesting in a rotten log.

Figure Upper: lectotype, major (PERU: "Llinquipata"). Lower: minor (BRAZIL: Aleixo, near Manaus), compared with paralectotype from type locality. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 6 times found in rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times Nest in rotten stick on ground., 2 times Nest in rotten log on ground., 1 times Nest under log on ground., 1 times Nest in ground..

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times search.

Elevations: collected from 240 - 292 meters, 262 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 2012-07-21 00:00:00.0 and 2012-08-13 00:00:00.0

Type specimens:



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