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Species: Pheidole sciophila   Wheeler, 1908 

Classification:
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Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole sciophila Wheeler, 1908h PDF: 443, pl. 26, figs. 18, 19 (s.w.q.m.) U.S.A. (Texas). Nearctic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 347). Primary type locality: lectotype U.S.A.: Texas, Austin (W.M. Wheeler) (by restriction of Wilson, 2003a: 347). Primary type depository: MCZC. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 1 paralectotype minor worker. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depositories: AMNH, LACM, MCZC. Type notes: 1) Original description cites major and minor workers, queens, and males. 2) Other original syntype locality: U.S.A.: Texas, New Braunfels (W.M. Wheeler). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 347.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

collected from the Chiricahua Mtns, Cochise Co.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole sciophila   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 347, (download) 347 20017
Pheidole sciophila   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in creosote desert, 2 times found in desert flat, mesquite, 4 times found in Mesquite-acacia desert, 2 times found in desert scrub, 1 times found in roadside habitat, 2 times found in Selva baja caducifolia, 1 times found in Chihuahuan desert, 2 times found in gallery forest, 1 times found in juniper oak woodland, 1 times found in pine-oak woodland.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times under stone, 3 times at bait, 2 times pitfall trap, 1 times understone, 1 times ground nest (inconspicuous entrance), 1 times foragers on ground, 1 times under trees, 1 times stray foragers around base of Populus, 1 times ex leaf litter.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times bait, 3 times search, 3 times hand collecting, 2 times pitfall trap, 1 times direct collection, 2 times Manual en hojarasca.

Elevations: collected from 350 - 1829 meters, 1243 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1938-03-16 00:00:00.0 and 2019-03-14 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Not Provided: casent0283271



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