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Species: Pheidole pilifera   (Roger, 1863) 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Leptothorax pilifer Roger, 1863a PDF: 180 (w.) U.S.A. (Pennsylvania). Nearctic. Primary type information: Primary type material: 3 syntype minor workers. Primary type locality: U.S.A.: Pennsylvania (Schaum). Primary type depository: MNHU. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Pheidole: Emery, 1895d PDF: 290
Status as species: Roger, 1863b PDF: 26; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 460; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 451 (in key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 261; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 126; Emery, 1895d PDF: 290; Forel, 1901j PDF: 352; Wheeler, 1904f PDF: 301; Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 379; Wheeler, 1906g PDF: 3; Wheeler, 1908h PDF: 431; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 563; Wheeler, 1916r: 584; Emery, 1922c PDF: 106; Wesson & Wesson, 1940 PDF: 92; Buren, 1944a PDF: 286; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 184; Smith, 1951c PDF: 804; Cole, 1952c PDF: 280 (in key); Smith, 1958c PDF: 123; Gregg, 1959 PDF: 12 (in key); Smith, 1967a PDF: 355; Smith, 1979: 1372; Allred, 1982: 494; Naves, 1985 PDF: 66; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 45; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 140; Bolton, 1995b: 327; Wilson, 2003a: 589 (redescription); Coovert, 2005 PDF: 58; Ward, 2005 PDF: 66; Ellison et al., 2012: 304.
Material of the unavailable name Pheidole pilifera coloradensis neomexicana referred here by Wilson, 2003a: 589.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:



Sand prairie, sandy old field, or other sandy or other highly-drained, acid soil habitats (loess hills)


P. pacifica Wheeler (orig. comb. Pheidole xerophila subsp. pacifica Wheeler 1915B:404) (TL Pasadena & Lakeside) might be a distinct species.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole pilifera   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Pheidole pilifera   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 589-590, (download) 589-590 20017

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 11 times found in Pinyon-cedar woodland, 3 times found in grassy slope, 2 times found in pinyon juniper, grass, 6 times found in Black oak dunes, 2 times found in pinyon/juniper woodland, 2 times found in grass/sagebrush/gambel oak, 2 times found in pinyon/juniper, burned, 2 times found in saltbush scrub, 2 times found in grass, low shrubs on hilltop, 5 times found in Mixed-canyon forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 20 times under stone, 35 times under rock, 7 times nest in soil, 2 times nuptial flight, 1 times under stone and in soil, 3 times ground nest, 1 times at cookie bait, 1 times Two small craters~2 apart, 1 times forager, 1 times At nest, 2 times at light, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times search, 3 times hand collecting, 1 times bait, 1 times Davis sifter, 1 times direct collection, 1 times Pitfall, 1 times at light, 1 times at uv-light, 1 times Attracted to shortbread cookie crumbs..

Elevations: collected from 40 - 2591 meters, 1853 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1909-05-31 00:00:00.0 and 2022-03-26 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: cotype of Pheidole pilifera: casent0103147; Not Provided: casent0283270, casent0283282, casent0283297, casent0339746, casent0339752, casent0339758; Paratype: fmnhins0000062813, fmnhins0000062814, fmnhins0000062815, fmnhins0000077001; paratype of Pheidole pilifera artemisia: casent0901559, casent0901560; syntype of Pheidole pennsylvanica: casent0911221; syntype of Pheidole pilifera coloradensis: casent0904434, casent0904435; type of Leptothorax pilifer: focol1557, focol1558

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