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Species: Pheidole peregrina   Wheeler, 1916 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole peregrina Wheeler, 1916p PDF: 181 (s.w.q.) BRAZIL (São Paulo). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 214). Primary type locality: lectotype Brazil: São Paulo, San Sebastian I. (Gaste). Primary type depository: MCZC. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 1 paralectotype worker. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: MCZC. Type notes: Original description cites 1 syntype major worker, 5 syntype minor workers, 3 syntype queens. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 214.
Status as species: Emery, 1922c PDF: 104; Borgmeier, 1927c PDF: 86; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 198; Bolton, 1995b: 327; Wilson, 2003a: 214 (redescription).
Senior synonym of Pheidole impariceps: Wilson, 2003a: 214.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole peregrina WheelerHNS

Pheidole peregrina WheelerHNS 1916p: 181. Syn: Pheidole imparicepsHNS Santschi 1923d: 47, n. syn. ; Pheidole impariceps var. fusciclavaHNS Santschi 1923d: 48, n. syn.

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L peregrinaHNS, traveling, foreign. Referring to discovery of the type colony on a floating log.

Diagnosis A small, yellow member of the diligensHNS group whose major has posterior two-thirds of head capsule smooth and shiny, rugoreticulum present as a small patch just mesad to the eye, moderately abundant pilosity, and short equilaterally triangular propodeal spine in side view.

Similar to blumenauensisHNS, laevifronsHNS, mooreorumHNS, rochaiHNS, and vafraHNS, differing in many details of body form, sculpturing, and pilosity, as figured.

See also the somewhat less similar lemurHNS, pubiventrisHNS, seeldrayersiHNS, spilotaHNS, variegataHNS, venatrixHNS, and zelataHNS. Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.00, HL 1.06, SL 0.74, EL 0.14, PW 0.56. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.54, HL 0.64, SL 0.76, EL 0.14, PW 0.36. color Major: concolorous dark yellow.

Minor: head light brownish yellow, rest of head and appendages clear dark yellow.

Range Known from several localities in Sao Paulo state.

biology On the type series, by Hermann von Ihering, as quoted by W. M. Wheeler (1916: 180-181): "One morning, while [Mr. Gaste, a local naturalist] was on the island of San Sebastian, he found a tree trunk that had floated to the shore during the night and was filled with a living ant-colony belonging to a species of PheidoleHNS [ peregrina WheelerHNS] unknown to me. San Sebastian is situated some kilometers off the coast of the mainland. Of course, we cannot say how long this log had been floating in the water before it reached the island." It may be that peregrinaHNS, like the anatomically similar and widespread vafraHNS, is a specialist in marginal habitats. The types of the synonymous impariceps var. fusciclavaHNS were collected on another island in the same area, Ilha dos Alcatrazes.

figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. BRAZIL: Isla Sao Sebastiao, Sao Paulo. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Type specimens: paralectotype Pheidole peregrina: jtlc000016488; syntype of Pheidole impariceps: casent0913339, casent0913340; syntype of Pheidole impariceps fusciclava: casent0913341, casent0913342

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